Simulation of Excavator Bucket Pressuring Through Finite Element Method

Sumar Hadi Suryo, Athanasius Priharyoto Bayuseno, J. Jamari, Gilang Ramadhan


Excavator bucket tool is one of the most important parts of an excavator. It is made of steel mixture. It is commonly equipped with protruding teeth on its cutting side to breakdown hard materials and also to prevent dryness and damage of the bucket. Excavator bucket tooth must have supporting geometrical shape to penetrate and to endure the digging process on the ground, gravels, stones, or any other abrasive field. It is because of the field’s natural characteristic when the bucket tool grinds the material. Mixed iron is common to be used as excavator bucket tool’s material because it is easy to get and economic. High hardness value is also needed on the surface that transports hard material such as mining equipment. Therefore, an accurate analysis should be done to determine the suitable material on this field. Design and analysis were done by using Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE) Abaqus 6.10 application to get the maximum tension as the result of loading. Analysis process to get the tension was done by adding 8285.06 N weight forces in static condition with the angle of 32o to the horizon. From the analysis it could be known that maximum tension experienced by excavator bucket tooth is 209.3 MPa, and it is still below the Maximum Equivalent von Mises stress so the design could be categorized as safe.


Abaqus 6.10; Bucket Tooth; Design; Excavator; Finite Element; Von Mises.


Fernandez J.E., Vijande R., Tucho R., Rodriguez J., Martin A. Materials selection to excavator teeth in mining industry. Elsevier, Wear 250, pp. 11-18, 2001. Doi:

Sanjay Kumar, D.P. Mondal, A.K. Jha, Effect of Microstructure and Chemical Composition of Hardfacing Alloy on Abrasive Wear Behavior, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, pp 649-655, 9(6) (2000). Doi:

GÁBOR LADÁNYI1, ISTVÁN SÜMEGI2 “Bucket and Cutting Tooth Developments for the Bucket Wheel

Excavators of Mátra Power Station LLC”, Annals of the University of Petroşani, Mechanical Engineering, pp 151-

, Dec (2012).

Y. Bayhan, Reduction of wear via hardfacing of chisel ploughshare, Tribology International, 39 (2006) 570–574. Doi:

Shaikh, B. P. and Mulla, A. M. “Analysis of bucket teeth of backhoe excavator loader and its weight optimization.” International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology 4 (2015): 289-295.

Deere, John. Bucket Tooth Catalogue. USA, 2002.

A.Imam Wahyudi. Analisis Pengaruh Rake Angle Terhadap Distribusi Tegangan Pada Excavator Bucket teeth dengan Menggunakan Metode elemen Hingga. 2017

Fang ZQ, Hu GM, Gui WJ, Liu Y. Analysis of contact forces of particles with excavator bucket in digging process by using discrete element method. InMechanics and Mechanical Engineering: Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference (MME2015) 2016 Jul 14 (pp. 30-38). Doi:

Chen J, Zou Z, Pang X. Digging performance characterization for hydraulic excavator considering uncertainty during digging operation. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science. 2017.

Patel, Bhaveshkumar P. and Prajapati., J. M. “Evaluation of bucket capacity, digging force calculations and static force

analysis of mini hydraulic backhoe." Jr. of Machine Design 4 (2012): 59-66.

Zienkiewicz, O. C., Taylor, R. L. and Zhu, J. Z. The Finite Element Method: Its Basis and Fundamentals 6th Edition. Amsterdam, 2005.

Singla, Shivali, Vineet Shibe, and J. S. Grewal. "Performance evaluation of hard faced excavator bucket teeth against abrasive wear using MMAW process." International Journal of Mechanical Engineering Applications Research 2, no. 02 (2011): 73-77.

Pollack, H.W. Materials Science and Metallurgy 2nd Edition. Singapore: McGraw-Hill, 1988.

Fernandez, J. E., Vijande, R., Tucho, R., Rodriguez, J., and Martin, A. “Materials selection to excavator teeth in mining industry.” Elsevier, Wear 250 (2001): 11-18. Doi:

Dagwar, K. S. Telrandhe, R. G. “Failure Analysis Of Excavator Bucket Tooth.” International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Studies 4 (2015): 2349-8862.

Oñate, E. “Structural Analysis with the Finite Element Method.” Linear Statics Lecture Notes on Numerical Methods in

Engineering and Sciences. Barcelona: Artes Gráficas Torres S.A., 2003.

Moaveni, S. Finite Element Analysis: Theory and Application With Ansys. Mankato: Prentice-Hall Inc., 1999.

Liu, Y. “Choose the Best Element Size to Yield Accurate FEA Results While Reduce FE Model’s Complexity” 1 (2013):


SAE International. SAE J1179: Hydraulic Excavator and Backhoe Digging Force. Warrendale: SAE, 1990.

Budynas, R. G., Nisbett, J. K., and Shigley, J. E. Shigley's mechanical engineering design. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2011.

Virág, Z. & Zirbik, S. “Examination of an Optimized Replaceable Cutting Tooth of Excavator.” Geosciences and Engineering,

(2012): 337–342.

Zamma, A., Jalal, S.E., and Boubeker, B., “Elastic and Elasto-Plastic Study for Bucket Tooth - Contribution to the Increase for

Resistance of Collapse.” Advanced Materials Research, 682 (2013): 113–118. Doi: 10.4028/

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.28991/cej-0309107


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Sumar Hadi Suryo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.