Fresh, Mechanical and Absorption Characteristics of Self-Consolidating Concretes Including Low Volume Waste PET Granules

Kasım Mermerdaş, Dia Eddin Nassani, Mehmet Sakin


This study evaluates the effect of waste polyethylene terephthalate (PET) granules on the fresh, mechanical and absorption characteristics of self-consolidating concretes (SCCs). Fine aggregates were replaced with different percentages (from 0% to 8%) of PET granules obtained by crushing waste PET bottles. The fresh properties of SCC containing PET granules were determined using slump flow and V-funnel flow time tests. Mechanical properties (compressive strength and splitting tensile strength tests) and absorption properties (sorptivity and water absorption tests) were evaluated. The results indicated that utilization of waste PET granules in production of SCC could be an effective way for recycling purpose. The maximum amount of PET replacement should be limited to 5%. Exceeding 5% of PET content may result in an increase of V-funnel flow time to overpass the limiting value, decrease in compressive strength, reduction in sorptivity and increase in the water absorption. The production of high performance SCC containing 5% PET granules satisfies all the requirements for SCC with satisfactory outputs.


Self-Consolidating Concrete; Polyethylene Terephthalate; Hardened Properties; Mechanical Properties; Aggregate.


Bartos, P.J.M. Self-compacting Concrete. Concrete 33(4) (1999): 9-14.

Collepardi, M., Collepardi, S., Ogoumah Olagat, J.J., Troli, R., Laboratory-test and filled-experience SCC's. In: Proc. of the 3rd International Symposium on Self-compacting Concrete. Reykjavik (Iceland), (2003): 904-912.

Ozawa, K., Maekawa, K., Kunishima, M., Okamura, H., Performance of concrete based on the durability design of concrete structures. In: Proc. of the Second East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, (1989): 445-450.

Okamura, H.M., Ouchi, M., Self-compacting concrete. J. Adv. Concr. Technol. 1(1) (2003): 5-15.

Xie, Y., Liu, B., Yin, J., Zhou, S., Optimum mix parameters of high-strength self-compacting concrete with ultra-pulverized fly ash. Cem. Concr. Res. 32(3) (2002): 477-480.

H. Beigi, Morteza,, Berenjian, Javad, Lotfi-Omran, Omid, Sadeghi-Nik, Aref, Nikbin, Iman M., An experimental survey on combined effects offibers and nanosilica on the mechanical, rheological, and durability properties of selfcompacting concrete. Material Des. 50 (2013): 1019-1029.

Choi, Y.W., Moon, D.J., Chung, J.S., Cho, S.K., Effects of waste PET bottles aggregate on the properties of concrete. Cem. Concr. Res. 35 (2005): 776-781.

Reis, J.M.L., Carneiro, E.P., Evaluation of PET waste aggregates in polymer mortars. Constr. Build. Mater 27 (2012): 107-111.

Kim, S.B., Yi, N.H., Kim, N.Y., Kim, J.J., Song, Y., Material and structural performance evaluation of recycled PET fiber reinforced concrete. Cem. Concr. Compos 32(3) (2010): 232-240.

NAPCOR, National Association of PET Container Resources. California, USA; 2011.

Williams PT. Waste treatment and disposal. Chisterter, Wiley; 1998.

Albano C, Camacho N, Hernandez M, Matheus A, Gutiérrez A. Influence of content and particle size of waste pet bottles on concrete behavior at different w/c ratios. Waste Manage. 29 (2009): 2707–16.

Abdel-Azim, A.A.A., Unsaturated polyester resins from poly ethylene terephthalate waste for polymer concrete. Polym. Eng. Sci. 36(24) (1996): 2973-2977.

Byung-Wan, Jo, Seung-Kook, Park, Jong-Chil, Park, Mechanical properties of polymer concrete made with recycled PET and recycled concrete aggregates. Constr. Build. Mater 22, (2008): 2281-2291.

Rebeiz, K.S., Fowler, D.W., Flexural strength of reinforced polymer concrete made with recycled plastic waste. ACI Struct. J. 93(5) (1996): 524-553.

Rebeiz, K.S., Fowler, D.W., Paul, D.R., Making polymer concrete with recycled PET. Plast. Eng. 47(2) (1991): 33-34.

Tawfik, M.E., Eskander, S.B., Polymer concrete from marble wastes and recycled poly ethylene terephthalate. J. Elastom. Plast. 38 (2006): 65-79.

Ochi, T., Okubo, S., Fukui, K., Development of recycled PET fiber and its application as concrete-reinforcing fiber. Cem. Concr. Comp. 29 (2007): 448-455.

Byung-Wan, Jo, Ghi-Ho, Tae, Chang-Hyun, Kim, Uniaxial creep behavior and prediction of recycled-PET polymer concrete. Constr. Build. Mater 21 (2007) 1552-1559.

Batayneh, Malek, Marie, Iqbal, Asi, Ibrahim, Use of selected waste materials in concrete mixes. Waste Manage 27 (2007): 1870-1876.

Choi Y. W., Moon D, Kim Y, Lachemi M. Characteristics of mortar and concrete containing fine aggregate manufactured from recycled waste polyethylene terephthalate bottles. Construction Building Material. 23 (2009), 2829–35.

Akçaozoglu S, Atis CD, Akçaozoglu K. An investigation on the use of shredded waste PET bottles as aggregate in lightweight concrete. Waste Manage. 30(2) (2010): 285–90.

Foti D. Preliminary analysis of concrete reinforced with waste bottles PET fibers 25(4) (2011): 1906–15.

Oliveira, L. A. P. D., Gomes, J. P. C. Physical and mechanical behaviour of recycled PET fibre reinforced mortar. Construction and Building Materials. 25 (2011). pp. 1712-1717.

Sadrmomtazi, A., Milehsara, S.D, Omran, O.L., Nik, A.S. The combined effects of waste Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) particles and pozzolanic materials on the properties of self-compacting concrete. Journal of Cleaner Production, 112 (2016): 2363–2373.

Safi, B., Saidi, M., Aboutaleb, D., Maallem, M. The use of plastic waste as fine aggregate in the self-compacting mortars: Effect on physical and mechanical properties. Construction and Building Materials. 43 (2013): 436-442.

Torgal, F.B., Ding, Y., Jalali, S. Properties and durability of concrete containing polymeric wastes (tyre rubber and polyethylene terephthalate bottles): An overview. Construction and Building Materials. 30 (2012): 714-724.

TS EN 197-1, Turkish standard for cement-part 1: compositions and conformity criteria for common cements. Ankara, Turkey; 2002.

Fuller, W.B. and Thompson, S.E. “The laws of proportioning concrete," Transactions of the ASCE, v. 159, 1907.

Sonebi, M. and Bartos, P.J.M. Filling ability and plastic settlement of self- compacting concrete, Materials and Structures, 35(252) (2002): 462-469.

EFNARC, Specification and Guidelines for Self-compacting Concrete. English. European Federation for Specialist Construction Chemicals and Concrete Systems, Norfolk, UK. 2005.

Rahmani, E., Dehestani, M., Beygi, M.H.A., Allahyari, H., Nikbin, I.M. On the mechanical properties of concrete containing waste PET particles. Construction and Building Materials 47 (2013): 1302–1308.

Hannawi K, Kamali-Bernard S, Prince W. Physical and mechanical properties of mortars containing PET and PC waste aggregates. Waste Manage 30(11) (2010): 2312–20.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.28991/cej-030916


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Kasım Mermerdaş, Dia Eddin Nassani, Mehmet Sakin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.