Analysis of the Urban Water Requisition Demand for the Purpose of Re-engineering and Water Network Optimization (Case Study: Tabriz' Eram Urban Area)
Water shortage is one of the most important challenges of this century and it would be a serious obstacle for the mankind. In the near future, drinking water supply and water resources management will be at the forefront of planning for urban managers, which is becoming a crisis due to the serious shortage of water resources. This problem is more critical in country of Iran, where water depletion is now receiving serious attention. Different water management programs have been started by government to conserve and manage water more efficiently, especially in some critical areas such as Tabriz megacity located in North East of the country. Eram town is one of the problematic areas of Tabriz. Hence, in this study, we tried to do reengineering for this town to offer some solutions for the problems related with water supplying of the implemented network in this region. Regarding this issue, the GIS (Geographic information system) data of the available water supply network was used and the collected field data such as consumption rates in current conditions were applied to the network. Then the calibration of model was performed. Eram Town water distribution network reengineering has been performed considering a 2043 plan, taking into account population growth and the increase in consumption. In conclusion, it is suggested that, the network will perform more efficiently by adding new pipes or modifying the existing pipes. Also, the problem of lack of pressure in some parts of the network which cannot fulfill the requirements of subscribers at peak water usage hours, could be solved.
Nazif, S., Karamouz, M., Tabesh, M., Moridi, A., Pressure management model for urban water distribution networks, Water resources management, 24(3) (2010), 437-458.
Gheisi, A., Shabani, S., Naser, Gh., Flexibility ranking of water distribution system designs under future mechanical and hydraulic uncertainty: Proceedings of the 13th Computer Control for Water Industry Conference, CCWI 2015, 1202 – 1211.
Sagea, P., Practical methods to obtain improved outputs from water network modeling optimization: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computing and Control for the Water Industry, CCWI2013, Procedia Engineering 70, 1450 – 1459.
Cai, L., Wang, R., Ping, J., Jing,Y., Sun, J., Water supply network monitoring based on Demand Reverse Deduction (DRD) technology: Proceedings of the 13th Computer Control for Water Industry Conference, CCWI 2015, Procedia Engineering 119, 19 – 27.
L.S. Araujo, S.T. Coelho, H.M. Ramos, Estimation of distributed pressure-dependent leakage and consumer demand in water supply networks. Book of proceedings: Advances in Water Supply Management, Proceedings of the CCWI '03 Conference, London, (2003), 119- 128.
Gheisi, A., Naser, Gh., Multistate reliability of Water-Distribution Systems comparison of surrogate measures, Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 141(10), (2015), 04015018.
Ostfeld, A., Kogan, D., Shamir, U., Reliability simulation of water distribution systems. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 116(9), (2002), 1119–1137.
Tanyimboh, T. T., Tabesh, M., Burrows, R., Appraisal of source head methods for calculating reliability of water distribution networks, Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 127 (4), (2001), 206-213.
Tanyimboh, T. T., Burd, R., Burrows, R., Tabesh, M., Modelling and reliability analysis of water distribution systems, Journal of Water science and technology, 39 (4), (1999), 249-255.
Sumithra R.P., Nethaji Mariappan, V. E., Joshua Amaranath, Feasibility analysis and design of water distribution system for Tirunelveli corporation using Loop and Water Gems software, International Journal of Applied Biomedical Engineering 7(1), (2013), 61-70.
Liwu, L, Research on the dynamic formation of hydraulic model of water distribution network, Journal of Harbin University of Civil Engineering (2011), 58-75.
Jiang, B, Building a water distribution network hydraulic model by using Water GEMS, Journal of hydraulic Engineering (2014), 453-466.
Kanakoudis, V., Gonelas, K., Applying pressure management to reduce water losses in two Greek cities’ WDSs: expectations, problems, results and revisions, Proceedings of the 16th Conference on water distribution system analysis, WDSA 2014, Procedia Engineering 89,318-325.
Khani, Re-engineering for the urban water network of Mianeh city with approach of predicting the water consumption utilizing Neural Network: M.Sc. thesis, Islamic Azad University of Ahar (2012).
Principles and criteria for designing of urban water supply projects (117-3 issue of Iran’s ministry of Energy).
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2017 Alireza Mojtahedi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.