Car-following Behavior Analysis of Left-turn Vehicles at Signalized Intersections
In order to enrich the car-following theory of urban signalized intersections, and reveal the car-following characteristics of left turn at signalized intersections, the car-following behavior of left turn at signalized intersections is studied. The car-following data acquisition test which was based on high precision GPS was designed. And the car-following characteristics of left-turning vehicles at signalized intersections with different turning radii were analyzed. Based on which, the influence of radius on the car-following behavior was explained, and the New Full Velocity Difference (NFVD) model was developed. The genetic algorithm was used to calibrate the parameters of the NFVD model. The stability and accuracy of the calibrated model was further analyzed by using field data. The results showed that the average speed of the following car increases with the turning radius of the signalized intersection; the car-following speed which the highest frequency occurs under different turning radii tends to increase with the enlargement of turning radius; the larger the average headway distance between the car-following vehicles, the more intense of the driver’s response to the deceleration of the front vehicle. These findings could be used in traffic simulation and to make engineering decisions.
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