Cost Comparison of a Building Project by Manual and BIM
This article focuses on comparison between Manual/Traditional and Building Information Modelling (BIM) software based approaches for cost comparison. Centre line method for manual and Revit software for BIM based approaches are used in this research. The principal objectives of this research are to calculate quantities by Manual Centre line method, then to make the cost estimation fast, accurate, efficient, and errorless by using BIM software Rivet, and finally the comparison study of manual based and BIM / Software based estimation. For manual approach, quantities are calculated by multiplying the measurements of length, breadth, and height. Then to get the total quantities the deduction is subtracted from the quantities and final BOQ is prepared for which estimated cost of building is calculated. For BIM based approach, 3D model from 2D floor plan of building is prepared in Revit software, then to estimate the cost of building structure elements, sheets of quantities are generated in the schedule option of the view tab in the software. The Percentage difference between Manual and BIM / Revit Software estimation in brick work, RCC Slab, Plaster Work, PCC for Flooring, Floor Tile Work, Skirting, Paint Work, False Ceiling, Doors and Aluminum Work is 4.57, 2.61, 7.58, 3.27, 1.87, 6.73, 8.03, 1.87, and 0.00% respectively. The total cost difference between manual and BIM based estimation approach comes out to be 4.8%. It is thus concluded that the BIM-assisted estimates have better performance over traditional/manual estimating methods.
Yu, Wen-der, Chien-chung Lai, and Wan-li Lee. “A WICE Approach to Real-Time Construction Cost Estimation.” Automation in Construction 15, no. 1 (January 2006): 12–19. doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2005.01.005.
Gurcanli, G. Emre, Senem Bilir, and Merve Sevim. “Activity Based Risk Assessment and Safety Cost Estimation for Residential Building Construction Projects.” Safety Science 80 (December 2015): 1–12. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2015.07.002.
Engineeringfeed, how to Calculate Rough Cost Estimate for Building, Available online: Engineeringfeed.com/calculate-rough-cost-estimate-building (accessed on 1 May 2019).
Emeraldgroup-learning, Detailed Cost Estimating, Available online: https://emeraldgroup-learning.ca/detailed-cost-estimating/ (accessed on 1 May 2019).
Abanda, F.H., B. Kamsu-Foguem, and J.H.M. Tah. “BIM – New Rules of Measurement Ontology for Construction Cost Estimation.” Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal 20, no. 2 (April 2017): 443–459. doi:10.1016/j.jestch.2017.01.007.
Gharpedia.com, Sthapati Designers & Consultants Pvt. Ltd, Available online: https://gharpedia.com/center-line-method-of-estimation/ (accessed on 12 May 2019).
Finance Department, Government of Punjab, Market rates system Bi-Annual period 2019, Available online: https://finance.punjab.gop.pk/mrs (accessed on 18 April 2019).
Rezaian, Amin. "Time-cost-quality-risk of construction and development projects or investment." Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 10, no. 2 (2011): 218-223.
Lee, Seul-Ki, Ka-Ram Kim, and Jung-Ho Yu. “BIM and Ontology-Based Approach for Building Cost Estimation.” Automation in Construction 41 (May 2014): 96–105. doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2013.10.020.
Alfredo Serpell, José Manuel Rueda, Estimating the Cost of New Construction Projects Using an Integrated, Computer-Based Approach, Creative Construction Conference 2013, July 6 – 9, 2013, Budapest, Hungary.
Guo, Hongling, Run Yu, and Yihai Fang. "Analysis of negative impacts of BIM-enabled information transparency on contractors' interests." Automation in Construction 103 (2019): 67-79. doi: 10.1016/j.autcon.2019.03.007.
Fountain, James, and Sandeep Langar. “Building Information Modeling (BIM) Outsourcing among General Contractors.” Automation in Construction 95 (November 2018): 107–117. doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2018.06.009.
Heaton, James, Ajith Kumar Parlikad, and Jennifer Schooling. “Design and Development of BIM Models to Support Operations and Maintenance.” Computers in Industry 111 (October 2019): 172–186. doi:10.1016/j.compind.2019.08.001.
Hasan, Ahmed M.M., Ahmed A. Torky, and Youssef F. Rashed. “Geometrically Accurate Structural Analysis Models in BIM-Centered Software.” Automation in Construction 104 (August 2019): 299–321. doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2019.04.022.
Khosakitchalert, Chavanont, Nobuyoshi Yabuki, and Tomohiro Fukuda. “Improving the Accuracy of BIM-Based Quantity Takeoff for Compound Elements.” Automation in Construction 106 (October 2019): 102891. doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2019.102891.
Baldwin, Andrew N., and Anthony Thorpe. “Information Technology for Construction Cost Estimating.” Habitat International 14, no. 2–3 (January 1990): 157–163. doi:10.1016/0197-3975(90)90045-3.
Liu, Zhe, and Zhiliang Ma. “Establishing Formalized Representation of Standards for Construction Cost Estimation by Using Ontology Learning.” Procedia Engineering 123 (2015): 291–299. doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2015.10.093.
Cheng, Min-Yuan, Hsing-Chih Tsai, and Erick Sudjono. “Conceptual Cost Estimates Using Evolutionary Fuzzy Hybrid Neural Network for Projects in Construction Industry.” Expert Systems with Applications 37, no. 6 (June 2010): 4224–4231. doi:10.1016/j.eswa.2009.11.080.
Feng, Guang Li, and Li Li. “Application of Genetic Algorithm and Neural Network in Construction Cost Estimate.” Advanced Materials Research 756–759 (September 2013): 3194–3198. doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/amr.756-759.3194.
Autodesk, BIM and Cost Estimating, Available online: http://www.autodesk.com/revit (accessed on 1 May 2019).
Zhiliang, Ma, and Wei Zhenhua. "Framework for automatic construction cost estimation based on BIM and ontology technology." In Proceedings of the CIB W78 2012: 29th International Conference. 2012.
Kim, Gwang-Hee, Sung-Hoon An, and Kyung-In Kang. “Comparison of Construction Cost Estimating Models Based on Regression Analysis, Neural Networks, and Case-Based Reasoning.” Building and Environment 39, no. 10 (October 2004): 1235–1242. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2004.02.013.
Czmoch, Ireneusz, and Adam Pękala. “Traditional Design versus BIM Based Design.” Procedia Engineering 91 (2014): 210–215. doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2014.12.048.
Juszczyk, Michał. “The Challenges of Nonparametric Cost Estimation of Construction Works with the Use of Artificial Intelligence Tools.” Procedia Engineering 196 (2017): 415–422. doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2017.07.218.
Plebankiewicz, Edyta, Krzysztof Zima, and Mirosław Skibniewski. “Analysis of the First Polish BIM-Based Cost Estimation Application.” Procedia Engineering 123 (2015): 405–414. doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2015.10.064.
Shen, Zhigang, and Raja RA Issa. "Quantitative evaluation of the BIM-assisted construction detailed cost estimates." (2010).
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2020 Usman Haider
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.