Study of Biomass Bottom Ash Efficiency as Phosphate Sorbent Material
Excessive richness of nutrients in water bodies such as rivers, lakes and ponds lead into deterioration of aquatic life as a results of dense growth of algae. Phosphate is one of the main nutrients that should be controlled to prevent this serious issue. Utilizing low cost material as a phosphate sorbent is offering a treatment method characterized as a sustainable solution. In this study the efficiency of biomass bottom ash BBA as phosphate sorbent material from aqueous solution is investigated. Batch experiments were undertaken, in which a particular mass of BBA was brought into contact with the phosphate solution. The experiments studied the influence of pH (different phosphate solutions were prepared with pH range 4 to 8), temperature (adsorption capacity measured at the temperature range of 10 to 30 °C), and contact time. In addition, the adsorption isotherm models were also applied to better understand the mechanism of phosphate sorption by BBA. The results revealed that the bonding between the cations (BBA surface) and anions (phosphate solution) is significantly affected by the pH of the solution. BBA presents an excellent phosphate sorption, especially, at low pH value and temperature around 20 oC. The method of this research can be adopted as a followed strategy for examination the capability of selected material for phosphorus removal from wastewater.
Lau, P. S., N. F. Y. Tam, and Y. S. Wong. “Wastewater Nutrients (N and P) Removal by Carrageenan and Alginate Immobilized Chlorella Vulgaris.” Environmental Technology 18, no. 9 (September 1997): 945–951. doi:10.1080/09593331808616614.
Van Loon G.W. and Duffy S.J. “Environmental chemistry a global perspective, New York: Oxford University Press” (2000).
Gray H.E. “Laboratory Methods for the Advancement of Wastewater Treatment Modeling, in Department of Chemistry, Wilfrid Laurier University: Waterloo, Canada” (2012).
Loffill E. “The optimisation of nitrifying continuous up-flow filters for tertiary wastewater treatment, Liverpool John Moores” (2011).
Alzeyadi A. “An experimental investigation into the efficiency of filter materials for phosphate removal from wastewater, Liverpool John Moores” (2017).
Bowes, M.J., H.P. Jarvie, S.J. Halliday, R.A. Skeffington, A.J. Wade, M. Loewenthal, E. Gozzard, J.R. Newman, and E.J. Palmer-Felgate. “Characterising Phosphorus and Nitrate Inputs to a Rural River Using High-Frequency Concentration–flow Relationships.” Science of the Total Environment 511 (April 2015): 608–620. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.12.086.
Bunce, Joshua T., Edmond Ndam, Irina D. Ofiteru, Andrew Moore, and David W. Graham. “A Review of Phosphorus Removal Technologies and Their Applicability to Small-Scale Domestic Wastewater Treatment Systems.” Frontiers in Environmental Science 6 (February 22, 2018). doi:10.3389/fenvs.2018.00008.
Lutterbeck, Carlos A., Lourdes T. Kist, Diosnel R. Lopez, Filipe V. Zerwes, and Ênio L. Machado. “Life Cycle Assessment of Integrated Wastewater Treatment Systems with Constructed Wetlands in Rural Areas.” Journal of Cleaner Production 148 (April 2017): 527–536. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.02.024.
Mitchell, Shannon M., and Jeffrey L. Ullman. “Removal of Phosphorus, BOD, and Pharmaceuticals by Rapid Rate Sand Filtration and Ultrafiltration Systems.” Journal of Environmental Engineering 142, no. 11 (November 2016): 06016006. doi:10.1061/(asce)ee.1943-7870.0001137.
Wang, Dan, Fang Guo, Yihui Wu, Zhiping Li, and Guangxue Wu. “Technical, Economic and Environmental Assessment of Coagulation/filtration Tertiary Treatment Processes in Full-Scale Wastewater Treatment Plants.” Journal of Cleaner Production 170 (January 2018): 1185–1194. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.09.231.
Bernardez L. A., Andrade Lima L. R. and P.;Almeida P. F. “The hydrodynamics of an upflow-packed bed bioreactor at low Reynolds number” Brazilian Journal of Petroleum and Gas 2 (2008) : 114–121.
Herrmann, Inga, Amir Jourak, Annelie Hedström, T. Staffan Lundström, and Maria Viklander. “The Effect of Hydraulic Loading Rate and Influent Source on the Binding Capacity of Phosphorus Filters.” Edited by Vishal Shah. PLoS ONE 8, no. 8 (August 2, 2013): e69017. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069017.
Hu, Hui-Yu, Yi-Ling Cheng, and Jen-Yang Lin. “On-Site Treatment of Septic Tank Effluent by Using a Soil Adsorption System.” Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste Management 11, no. 3 (July 2007): 197–206. doi:10.1061/(asce)1090-025x(2007)11:3(197).
Alzeyadi A., Loffill E. and Alkhaddar R. “Investigation into the Optimum Hydraulic Loading Rate for Selected Filter Media Packed in a Continuous Upflow Filter” International Journal of Civil, Environmental, Structural, Construction and Architectural Engineering 9 (2015): 710-713.
Johansson Westholm, Lena. “Substrates for Phosphorus removal—Potential Benefits for on-Site Wastewater Treatment?” Water Research 40, no. 1 (January 2006): 23–36. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2005.11.006.
Li, Yanzhong, Changjun Liu, Zhaokun Luan, Xianjia Peng, Chunlei Zhu, Zhaoyang Chen, Zhongguo Zhang, Jinghua Fan, and Zhiping Jia. “Phosphate Removal from Aqueous Solutions Using Raw and Activated Red Mud and Fly Ash.” Journal of Hazardous Materials 137, no. 1 (September 2006): 374–383. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.02.011.
Renman, Agnieszka, and Gunno Renman. “Long-Term Phosphate Removal by the Calcium-Silicate Material Polonite in Wastewater Filtration Systems.” Chemosphere 79, no. 6 (April 2010): 659–664. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.02.035.
Lyngsie G. “Sorbents for phosphate removal from agricultural drainage water” PhD thesis, PhD- University of Copenhagen, Denmark (2013).
UGURLU, A. “Phosphorus Removal by Fly Ash.” Environment International 24, no. 8 (November 1998): 911–918. doi:10.1016/s0160-4120(98)00079-8.
Cucarella, Victor, and Gunno Renman. “Phosphorus Sorption Capacity of Filter Materials Used for On-Site Wastewater Treatment Determined in Batch Experiments–A Comparative Study.” Journal of Environment Quality 38, no. 2 (2009): 381. doi:10.2134/jeq2008.0192.
Ragheb, Safaa M. “Phosphate Removal from Aqueous Solution Using Slag and Fly Ash.” HBRC Journal 9, no. 3 (December 2013): 270–275. doi:10.1016/j.hbrcj.2013.08.005.
Klimeski, Aleksandar, Wim J. Chardon, Eila Turtola, and Risto Uusitalo. “Potential and Limitations of Phosphate Retention Media in Water Protection: A Process-Based Review of Laboratory and Field-Scale Tests.” Agricultural and Food Science 21, no. 3 (September 28, 2012): 206–223. doi:10.23986/afsci.4806.
Parsons S. A. and Smith J. A. “Phosphorus Removal and Recovery from Municipal Wastewaters” Elements 4 (2008): 109-112.
Cornel P. and Schaum C. “Phosphorus recovery from wastewater: needs, technologies and costs” Water Sci. & Tech. 59 (2009): 1069–1076. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2009.045
Tchobanoglous G., Abu-Orf M., Bowden G. and Pfrang, W. “Wastewater Engineering: Treatment and Resource Recovery, McGraw-Hill Education: New York, USA” (2014).
Jenkins, David, John F Ferguson, and Arnold B Menar. “Chemical Processes for Phosphate Removal.” Water Research 5, no. 7 (July 1971): 369–389. doi:10.1016/0043-1354(71)90001-7.
Yousef, Rushdi I., Bassam El-Eswed, and Ala’a H. Al-Muhtaseb. “Adsorption Characteristics of Natural Zeolites as Solid Adsorbents for Phenol Removal from Aqueous Solutions: Kinetics, Mechanism, and Thermodynamics Studies.” Chemical Engineering Journal 171, no. 3 (July 2011): 1143–1149. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2011.05.012.
De-Bashan, Luz E., and Yoav Bashan. “Recent Advances in Removing Phosphorus from Wastewater and Its Future Use as Fertilizer (1997–2003).” Water Research 38, no. 19 (November 2004): 4222–4246. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2004.07.014.
Olsen, Sterling R., and Frank S. Watanabe. “A Method to Determine a Phosphorus Adsorption Maximum of Soils as Measured by the Langmuir Isotherm1.” Soil Science Society of America Journal 21, no. 2 (1957): 144. doi:10.2136/sssaj1957.03615995002100020004x.
Pengthamkeerati, P., T. Satapanajaru, and P. Chularuengoaksorn. “Chemical Modification of Coal Fly Ash for the Removal of Phosphate from Aqueous Solution.” Fuel 87, no. 12 (September 2008): 2469–2476. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2008.03.013.
Jianbo, Lu, Sun Liping, Zhao Xinhua, Lu Bin, Li Yinlei, and Zhang Lei. “Removal of Phosphate from Aqueous Solution Using Iron-Oxide-Coated Sand Filter Media: Batch Studies.” 2009 International Conference on Environmental Science and Information Application Technology (July 2009). doi:10.1109/esiat.2009.104.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2019 Nadhir Al-Ansari, Ali Alzeyadi, Jan Laue
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.