Forecasting the Impact of the Environmental and Energy Factor to Improve Urban Sustainability by Using (SEM)

Yasameen F. Al-Abayechi, Ahmed S. Al-Khafaji


The environmental and energy factor is one of the important factors that most studies have focused on in the field of sustainability, especially in light of the increasing population growth rates and the accompanying increase in consumption and environmental pollution rates. This paper focuses on presenting several different theories and models of urban sustainability for the purpose of identifying the overall factors that constitute it. Structural Equations Modeling (SEM) allows knowledge of the relationships and the strength of influence between these factors. The paper focuses on studying the environmental and energy factors and their impact on other sustainability factors. As most researchers resort to descriptive methods and measures in discussing the subject. The paper aims to adopt models and quantitative measures to determine the factors and indicators of urban sustainability and to clarify the importance, variation, and interdependence between these factors and indicators, adopting the hypothesis that structural equation modeling provides highly reliable tools through which sustainability factors, their relationships, and the mutual influence between them can be measured using the analysis of moment structures (AMOS) program. The result shows that the environmental and energy factors are highly related to the urban design factor (6.0).


Doi: 10.28991/CEJ-2023-09-10-013

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Urban Sustainability; Theories and Models; Environment and Energy; SEM; AMOS.


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DOI: 10.28991/CEJ-2023-09-10-013


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