A Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) approach on Construction Noise Related Perception and Behavior among the Workforces

K. C. Vinu Prakash, K. Yogeswari


Noise pollution from the construction industry is unpredictable and harmful to workers over the long term. There has been a lot of research on noise pollution at construction sites throughout the world, but India lacks research on construction noise and its perceived impacts on workers. This study aims to look into how Indian construction workers perceive noise and behave to protect themselves. From previous research, the noise-related perception parameters were identified and a questionnaire was created. In the questionnaire survey, 520 responses from white- and blue-collar workers were gathered. The SPSS tool was used to analyze the responses. The Pearson correlation analysis determined how closely the perception parameters are associated. The relationship between noise sensitivity and involvement in preventive measures, as well as awareness perception, was also supported by structural equation modeling. The study’s findings thus revealed that workers' behaviour can be influenced depending on their level of awareness. The implications of the findings help to improve our theoretical understanding of how construction workers involve in preventive measures and will aid in the development of safety policies and training programs to increase worker knowledge and curb risk-taking behaviour. The study's novelty lies in the development of a framework for construction noise assessment and abatement in India that is suggested and validated by construction industry professionals in real time projects.


Doi: 10.28991/CEJ-2022-08-12-04

Full Text: PDF


Construction Noise Pollution; Occupation Noise Perception; Statistics; Structural Equation Model.


Zainal Abidin, A. N., Jusoh, M., & Zakaria, Z. Y. (2018). Simulation of noise exposure level of fire-fighters in emergency response services in Malaysia. Safety Science, 105, 121–127. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2018.01.007.

Fernández, M. D., Quintana, S., Chavarría, N., & Ballesteros, J. A. (2009). Noise exposure of workers of the construction sector. Applied Acoustics, 70(5), 753–760. doi:10.1016/j.apacoust.2008.07.014.

Shepherd, R., Lorente, L., Vignoli, M., Nielsen, K., & Peiró, J. M. (2021). Challenges influencing the safety of migrant workers in the construction industry: A qualitative study in Italy, Spain, and the UK. Safety Science, 142, 105388. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2021.105388.

Li, X., Song, Z., Wang, T., Zheng, Y., & Ning, X. (2016). Health impacts of construction noise on workers: A quantitative assessment model based on exposure measurement. Journal of Cleaner Production, 135, 721–731. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.06.100.

Lee, S. C., Kim, J. H., & Hong, J. Y. (2019). Characterizing perceived aspects of adverse impact of noise on construction managers on construction sites. Building and Environment, 152, 17–27. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2019.02.005.

Suvorov, G., Denisov, E., Antipin, V., Kharitonov, V., Starck, J., Pyykkö, I., & Toppila, E. (2001). Effects of peak levels and number of impulses to hearing among forge hammering workers. Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 16(8), 816–822. doi:10.1080/10473220119058.

Eegunranti, B. A., Olaosun, A. O., Adeosun, A. A., Ogundiran, O., Ogundiran, A. C., Falade, J., & Tobih, J. E. (2019). A Review of Psychological Therapy Modalities for Hearing Loss Related Depression. International Journal of Innovative Research and Development, 8(9). doi:10.24940/ijird/2019/v8/i9/sep19034.

Suter, A. H. (2002). Construction noise: Exposure, effects, and the potential for remediation; a review and analysis. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, 63(6), 768–789. doi:10.1080/15428110208984768.

Hattis, D. (1998). Occupational Noise Sources and Exposures in Construction Industries. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 4(6), 1417–1441. doi:10.1080/10807039891284758.

Murphy, W. J., & Franks, J. R. (2002). Revisiting the NIOSH Criteria for a Recommended Standard: Occupational Noise Exposure. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 111(5), 2397. doi:10.1121/1.4778162.

Tyler, J. M., Hinton, L. V., & Olin, J. G. (1974). State standards, regulations, and responsibilities in noise pollution control. Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association, 24(2), 130–135. doi:10.1080/00022470.1974.10469902.

Basu, S., Aggarwal, A., Dushyant, K., & Garg, S. (2022). Occupational noise induced hearing loss in India: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 47(2), 166–171. doi:10.4103/ijcm.ijcm_1267_21.

Nandi, S. S., & Dhatrak, S. V. (2008). Occupational noise-induced hearing loss in India. Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 12(2), 53–56. doi:10.4103/0019-5278.43260.

Resnick, B. (2020). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine, 1451–1451. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-39903-0_124.

Choudhry, R. M., & Fang, D. (2008). Why operatives engage in unsafe work behavior: Investigating factors on construction sites. Safety Science, 46(4), 566–584. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2007.06.027.

Barkhordari, A., Malmir, B., & Malakoutikhah, M. (2019). An Analysis of Individual and Social Factors Affecting Occupational Accidents. Safety and Health at Work, 10(2), 205–212. doi:10.1016/j.shaw.2019.01.002.

Sousa, F. F., Silva, L. B., & Souza, E. L. (2014). Analysis of Correlation between Unsafe Actions and Unsafe Conditions in the Constitution of Occupational Accidents—Case Study. Occupational Safety and Hygiene II, 573–76, CRC Press, Boca Raton, United States.

Okokon, E. O., Yli-Tuomi, T., Turunen, A. W., Tiittanen, P., Juutilainen, J., & Lanki, T. (2018). Traffic noise, noise annoyance and psychotropic medication use. Environment International, 119, 287–294. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2018.06.034.

Park, S. H., Lee, P. J., & Jeong, J. H. (2018). Effects of noise sensitivity on psychophysiological responses to building noise. Building and Environment, 136, 302–311. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.03.061.

Baliatsas, C., van Kamp, I., Swart, W., Hooiveld, M., & Yzermans, J. (2016). Noise sensitivity: Symptoms, health status, illness behavior and co-occurring environmental sensitivities. Environmental Research, 150, 8–13. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2016.05.029.

Shin, D. P., Gwak, H. S., & Lee, D. E. (2015). Modeling the predictors of safety behavior in construction workers. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 21(3), 298–311. doi:10.1080/10803548.2015.1085164.

He, C., McCabe, B., Jia, G., & Sun, J. (2020). Effects of Safety Climate and Safety Behavior on Safety Outcomes between Supervisors and Construction Workers. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 146(1), 04019092. doi:10.1061/(asce)co.1943-7862.0001735.

Leung, M.-Y., Liang, Q., & Olomolaiye, P. (2016). Impact of Job Stressors and Stress on the Safety Behavior and Accidents of Construction Workers. Journal of Management in Engineering, 32(1), 04015019. doi:10.1061/(asce)me.1943-5479.0000373.

Cavallari, J. M., Burch, K. A., Hanrahan, J., Garza, J. L., & Dugan, A. G. (2019). Safety climate, hearing climate and hearing protection device use among transportation road maintainers. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 62(7), 590–599. doi:10.1002/ajim.22970.

Kaluarachchi, M., Waidyasekara, K. G. A. S., & Rameezdeen, R. (2022). Antecedents of noise pollution control behaviour of employees of construction companies. Built Environment Project and Asset Management, 12(2), 277–292. doi:10.1108/BEPAM-04-2020-0071.

Seo, H. C., Lee, Y. S., Kim, J. J., & Jee, N. Y. (2015). Analyzing safety behaviors of temporary construction workers using structural equation modeling. Safety Science, 77, 160–168. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2015.03.010.

Munier, N. (2013). Project Safety Management. Project Management for Environmental, Construction and Manufacturing Engineers, 195–200. doi:10.1007/978-94-007-4476-9_14.

Chong, D., Chen, L., Peng, Y., & Yu, A. (2022). Occupational noise-related perception and personal protection behavior among Chinese construction workers. Safety Science, 147, 105629. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2021.105629.

Tinoco, H. C., Alves Lima, G. B., Sant’Anna, A. P., Simões Gomes, C. F., & dos Santos, J. A. N. (2019). Risk perception in the use of personal protective equipment against noise-induced hearing loss. Gestao e Producao, 26(1). doi:10.1590/0104-530X1611-19.

Thepaksorn, P., Siriwong, W., Neitzel, R. L., Somrongthong, R., & Techasrivichien, T. (2018). Relationship between noise-related risk perception, knowledge, and the use of hearing protection devices among Para rubber wood sawmill workers. Safety and Health at Work, 9(1), 25–29. doi:10.1016/j.shaw.2017.06.002.

Arezes, P. M., & Miguel, A. S. (2005). Individual perception of noise exposure and hearing protection in industry. Human Factors, 47(4), 683–692. doi:10.1518/001872005775570934.

Man, S. S., Chan, A. H. S., & Alabdulkarim, S. (2019). Quantification of risk perception: Development and validation of the construction worker risk perception (CoWoRP) scale. Journal of Safety Research, 71, 25–39. doi:10.1016/j.jsr.2019.09.009.

Veloso Neto, H., Arezes, P., & Barkokébas Junior, B. (2021). Safety values, attitudes and behaviours in workers of a waste collection and sanitation company. Safety Science, 144, 105471. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2021.105471.

Xia, N., Wang, X., Griffin, M. A., Wu, C., & Liu, B. (2017). Do we see how they perceive risk? An integrated analysis of risk perception and its effect on workplace safety behavior. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 106, 234–242. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2017.06.010.

Man, S. S., Chan, A. H. S., Alabdulkarim, S., & Zhang, T. (2021). The effect of personal and organizational factors on the risk-taking behavior of Hong Kong construction workers. Safety Science, 136, 105155. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2020.105155.

Liang, Q., Leung, M., & Ahmed, K. (2021). How adoption of coping behaviors determines construction workers’ safety: A quantitative and qualitative investigation. Safety Science, 133, 105035. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2020.105035.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.28991/CEJ-2022-08-12-04


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 vinu prakash K C

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.