Marshall Performance and Volumetric Properties of Styrene-Butadiene-Styrene Modified Asphalt Mixtures

Sameer Abbas Jasim, Mohammed Qadir Ismael


The durability of asphalt pavement is associated with the properties and performance of the binder. This work-study intended to understand the impact of blending Styrene-Butadiene-Styrene (SBS) to conventional asphalt concrete mixtures and calculating the Optimum Asphalt Content (OAC) for conventional mixture also; compare the performance between SBS modified with the conventional mixture. Two different kinds of asphalt penetration grades, A.C. (40-50) and A.C. (60-70), were improved with 2.5 and 3.5% SBS polymer, respectively. Marshall properties were determined in this work. Optimum Asphalt Content (OAC) was 4.93 and 5.1% by weight of mixture for A.C. (40-50) and (60-70), respectively. Marshall properties results show an increasement in the stability value by 8.65 and 20.19% for A.C. (40-50) with 2.5 and 3.5% of SBS, respectively. And an increasement by 9.32 and 20.61% for AC (60-70) with 2.5 and 3.5% of SBS respectively. Furthermore, the results indicate a decrease in Marshall flow by 14.7 and 26.47% for A.C. (40-50) with 2.5 and 3.5% SBS respectively and a decrease by 10.46 and 21.21% for A.C. (60-70) with 2.5 and 3.5% SBS respectively. Other Marshall properties were also calculated. Moreover, Blending SBS polymers to conventional asphalt mixtures produces a better performance to asphalt binder and better Marshall properties, which provides a great solution to Iraqi road problems affected by temperature and high traffic load, including less maintenance.


Doi: 10.28991/cej-2021-03091709

Full Text: PDF


Optimum Asphalt Content (OAC); Styrene-Butadiene-Styrene (SBS); Marshall Test; Volumetric Properties.


Isacsson, U., and X. Lu. “Testing and Appraisal of Polymer Modified Road Bitumens—state of the Art.” Materials and Structures 28, no. 3 (April 1995): 139–159. doi:10.1007/bf02473221.

Munera, J.C., and E.A. Ossa. “Polymer Modified Bitumen: Optimization and Selection.” Materials & Design (1980-2015) 62 (October 2014): 91–97. doi:10.1016/j.matdes.2014.05.009.

Wu, Shao-peng, Ling Pang, Lian-tong Mo, Yong-chun Chen, and Guo-jun Zhu. “Influence of Aging on the Evolution of Structure, Morphology and Rheology of Base and SBS Modified Bitumen.” Construction and Building Materials 23, no. 2 (February 2009): 1005–1010. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2008.05.004.

Sengoz, Burak, and Giray Isikyakar. “Analysis of Styrene-Butadiene-Styrene Polymer Modified Bitumen Using Fluorescent Microscopy and Conventional Test Methods.” Journal of Hazardous Materials 150, no. 2 (January 31, 2008): 424–432. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.04.122.

Lewandowski, L. H. “Polymer Modification of Paving Asphalt Binders.” Rubber Chemistry and Technology 67, no. 3 (July 1, 1994): 447–480. doi:10.5254/1.3538685.

Hamdou, Hamid Mahmoud, Mohammed Qadir Ismael, and Mohammed Assi Abed. "Effect of Polymers on Permanent Deformation of Flexible Pavement." Journal of Engineering 20, no. 12 (2014): 150.

Airey, Gordon Dan. "Rheological characteristics of polymer Modified and Aged Bitumens" PhD diss., University of Nottingham, UK, (1997).

Liu, Shutang, Weidong Cao, Jianguo Fang, and Shujie Shang. “Variance Analysis and Performance Evaluation of Different Crumb Rubber Modified (CRM) Asphalt.” Construction and Building Materials 23, no. 7 (July 2009): 2701–2708. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2008.12.009.

Isacsson, U., and Huayang Zeng. “Relationships between Bitumen Chemistry and Low Temperature Behaviour of Asphalt.” Construction and Building Materials 11, no. 2 (March 1997): 83–91. doi:10.1016/s0950-0618(97)00008-1.

Stuart, Kevin D. "Moisture damage in asphalt mixtures-a state-of-the-art report." Turner-Fair bank highway Research Center (1990).

Pasandín, Ana R., Ignacio Pérez, Antonio Ramírez, and Miguel M. Cano. “Moisture Damage Resistance of Hot-Mix Asphalt Made with Paper Industry Wastes as Filler.” Journal of Cleaner Production 112 (January 2016): 853–862. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.06.016.

Obaid, Hayder Abbas. "The effect of styrene-butadiene-styrene on moisture damage resistance of asphalt mixtures." Journal of University of Babylon 23, no. 2 (2015): 263-270.

Chen, Jian-Shiuh, Min-Chih Liao, and Ming-Shen Shiah. “Asphalt Modified by Styrene-Butadiene-Styrene Triblock Copolymer: Morphology and Model.” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 14, no. 3 (June 2002): 224–229. doi:10.1061/(asce)0899-1561(2002)14:3(224).

Mirzaiyan, Danial, Mahmoud Ameri, Amir Amini, Mohammadreza Sabouri, and Amirhossein Norouzi. “Evaluation of the Performance and Temperature Susceptibility of Gilsonite- and SBS-Modified Asphalt Binders.” Construction and Building Materials 207 (May 2019): 679–692. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.02.145.

Mansour, Ahmed, N Ghaly, Akram Eldidamony, Maher Nessim, and Manal Mohamed. “Improving the Aging Effect of Bitumen and SBS Modified Bitumen by Using Newly Prepared Antioxidants.” Egyptian Journal of Chemistry 63, no. 6 (November 14, 2019): 2213–2233. doi:10.21608/ejchem.2019.18500.2151.

Sengoz, Burak, Ali Topal, and Giray Isikyakar. “Morphology and Image Analysis of Polymer Modified Bitumens.” Construction and Building Materials 23, no. 5 (May 2009): 1986–1992. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2008.08.020.

Doha Niethal SAAD, Eman Ismael AHMED "Rheology of Iraqi Asphalt Modified with SBS, Polyphosphoric Acid and Sulfur" International Conference on Technology, Engineering and Science (IConTES), October 26-29, 2018 Antalya, Turkey.

Leng, Zhen, Anand Sreeram, Rabindra Kumar Padhan, and Zhifei Tan. “Value-Added Application of Waste PET Based Additives in Bituminous Mixtures Containing High Percentage of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP).” Journal of Cleaner Production 196 (September 2018): 615–625. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.06.119.

Tunnicliff, D.G; and Root, R. E. "Use of Anti stripping Additives in Asphalt Concrete Mixture; Field Evaluation”, Final Report, Report NCHRRP 373, USA, p 58. Available online: (accessed on January 2021).

Ahmadinia, Esmaeil, Majid Zargar, Mohamed Rehan Karim, Mahrez Abdelaziz, and Ebrahim Ahmadinia. “Performance Evaluation of Utilization of Waste Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) in Stone Mastic Asphalt.” Construction and Building Materials 36 (November 2012): 984–989. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.06.015.

Luo, Min. “Study of Asphalt Performance Impact with Ultraviolet Aging.” IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 231 (September 2017): 012107. doi:10.1088/1757-899x/231/1/012107.

Veranko, V. A., A. V. Ladyshau, and R. K. Hatalski. “Investigation of Fatigue Life for Asphalt Concrete Modified by Polymer Additives of Various Types.” Science & Technique 17, no. 6 (December 13, 2018): 451–457. doi:10.21122/2227-1031-2018-17-6-451-457.

Shah, Peerzada Mosir, and Mohammad Shafi Mir. “Performance of OMMT/SBS on the Rheological Properties of Asphalt Binder.” Korea-Australia Rheology Journal 32, no. 4 (November 2020): 235–242. doi:10.1007/s13367-020-0022-5.

SCRB, General Specification for Roads and Bridges. Section R/9, Hot-Mix Asphalt Concrete Pavement, Revised Edition. State Corporation of Roads and Bridges. Baghdad: Ministry of Housing and Construction, Republic of Iraq, (2003).

ASTM. "Road and Paving Materials Vehicle Pavement Systems." Annual Book of ASTM Standard (2015): Vol. 04.03. American Society for Testing and Materials.

Al-Suhaibani, Abdulrahman Saleh. "Effect of aggregate properties on asphalt concrete mixes." Engineering Sciences 7, no. 1 (1995): 93-110.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.28991/cej-2021-03091709


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Sameer Abbas Jasim

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.