Experimental Investigation of Self-compacting High Performance Concrete Containing Calcined Kaolin Clay and Nano Lime
The aim of this research is to investigate the effect of pozzolanic materials and nano particles on improve the strength characteristic by the properties of a self-compacting high-performance concrete that includes calcined clay with nano lime. In this study, two blends systems are worked on, they are the binary and the ternary systems. For binary mixtures, test samples were prepared from 5% CC, 10% CC, 15% CC and 3% NL by partial replacement of the cement weight. While ternary mixtures, samples were prepared from 5% CC 3% NL, 10% CC 3% NL and 15% CC 3% NL by partial substitution of cement weight. The tests conducted on mixes are fresh tests like slump flow diameter, V-funnel, L-box, and segregation resistance. The compressive strength test was determined at 7, 28 and 56 days. While splitting tensile strength tests at 7 and 28 days from the SCHPC produced in the study. It was concluded that the replacement of CC and NL in SCHPC binary mixes reduced the fresh results enough for SCHPC production and gave a general improvement in the compressive strength and splitting tensile strength properties of the SCHPC mixture. SCHPC with 10% CC partial replacement of cement showed higher values of compressive and splitting tensile strength, compared to the reference mixture of SCHPC for all days, thus it was considered the best. Whereas, the strength of the concrete mixtures in the ternary cement mixtures was better than the strength of the mixing and control mortar systems for the same replacement levels in 7 , 28 and 56 days.
Khayat, K. H. “Workability, Testing, and Performance of Self-Consolidating Concrete.” ACI Materials Journal 96, no. 3 (1999). doi:10.14359/632.
Russell, H. G. “ACI defines high-performance concrete,” Concr. Int., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 56–57, 1999.
Khayat, K. H., and Y. Roussel. “Testing and Performance of Fiber-Reinforced, Self-Consolidating Concrete.” Materials and Structures 33, no. 6 (July 2000): 391–397. doi:10.1007/bf02479648.
Persson, Bertil. “A Comparison Between Mechanical Properties of Self-Compacting Concrete and the Corresponding Properties of Normal Concrete.” Cement and Concrete Research 31, no. 2 (February 2001): 193–198. doi:10.1016/s0008-8846(00)00497-x.
Okamura, Hajime, and Masahiro Ouchi. “Self-Compacting Concrete.” Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology 1, no. 1 (2003): 5–15. doi:10.3151/jact.1.5.
Fang, Y., Yang, C. and Cheng, M. “An introduction to nanotechnology and nanomaterial (I),” CHINA SURFACTANT Deterg. Cosmet., vol. 33, no. 1; ISSU 191, pp. 55–59, 2003. doi.org/10.3126/hj.v5i0.1287.
J. Wang and L. Wang, “Advances in the applied research of nano-material in concrete,” Concrete, vol. 11, pp. 18–21, 2004.
Özcan, Fatih, and Halil Kaymak. “Utilization of Metakaolin and Calcite: Working Reversely in Workability Aspect—As Mineral Admixture in Self-Compacting Concrete.” Advances in Civil Engineering 2018 (August 29, 2018): 1–12. doi:10.1155/2018/4072838.
K. Kumari et al., “Nanoparticles for enhancing mechanical properties of fly ash concrete,” Mater. Today Proc., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 2387–2393, 2016.
Wang, Dehui, Caijun Shi, Zemei Wu, Linmei Wu, Shuncheng Xiang, and Xiaoying Pan. “Effects of Nanomaterials on Hardening of Cement–silica Fume–fly Ash-Based Ultra-High-Strength Concrete.” Advances in Cement Research 28, no. 9 (October 2016): 555–566. doi:10.1680/jadcr.15.00080.
Wu, Zemei, Caijun Shi, K.H. Khayat, and Shu Wan. “Effects of Different Nanomaterials on Hardening and Performance of Ultra-High Strength Concrete (UHSC).” Cement and Concrete Composites 70 (July 2016): 24–34. doi:10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2016.03.003.
Dadsetan, Sina, and Jiping Bai. “Mechanical and Microstructural Properties of Self-Compacting Concrete Blended with Metakaolin, Ground Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag and Fly Ash.” Construction and Building Materials 146 (August 2017): 658–667. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.04.158.
Shaikh, Faiz U. A., Steve W. M. Supit, and Salim Barbhuiya. “Microstructure and Nanoscaled Characterization of HVFA Cement Paste Containing Nano-SiO2 and Nano-CaCO3.” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 29, no. 8 (August 2017): 04017063. doi:10.1061/(asce)mt.1943-5533.0001898.
Barkat, A., S. Kenai, B. Menadi, E. Kadri, and H. Soualhi. “Effects of Local Metakaolin Addition on Rheological and Mechanical Performance of Self-Compacting Limestone Cement Concrete.” Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology 33, no. 9 (February 23, 2019): 963–985. doi:10.1080/01694243.2019.1571737.
Iraqi Specification, “No. 5/1984, Portland Cement,” Cent. Organ. Stand. Qual. Control (COSQC), Baghdad, Iraq, 1984.
Iraqi Specification, No.45, “Aggregates from Natural Sources for Concrete and Building Construction,” Iraqi Cent. Organ. Stand., 1984.
ASTM C494/C494M-17, ''Standard Specification for Chemical Admixtures for Concrete'', American Society for Testing and Materials, (2017).
EFNARC, “European Guidelines for Self-Compacting Concrete, Specification and Production and Use, Association House, UK.” 2005.
B. S. Institutions, “Method for determination of compressive strength of concrete cubes,” London BS, 1881.
ASTM C496.. Standard Test Method for Splitting Tensile Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens,” ASTM Int. West Conshohocken, PA, (2004).
Wang, Xin, Kejin Wang, Jinxin Li, Nishant Garg, and Surendra P. Shah. “Properties of Self-Consolidating Concrete Containing High-Volume Supplementary Cementitious Materials and Nano-Limestone.” Journal of Sustainable Cement-Based Materials 3, no. 3–4 (October 2, 2014): 245–255. doi:10.1080/21650373.2014.954155.
Kannan, V. “Strength and Durability Performance of Self Compacting Concrete Containing Self-Combusted Rice Husk Ash and Metakaolin.” Construction and Building Materials 160 (January 2018): 169–179. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.11.043.
Gholhaki, Majid, Ali kheyroddin, Mohammad Hajforoush, and Mostafa Kazemi. “An Investigation on the Fresh and Hardened Properties of Self-Compacting Concrete Incorporating Magnetic Water with Various Pozzolanic Materials.” Construction and Building Materials 158 (January 2018): 173–180. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.09.135.
Li, Wengui, Zhengyu Huang, Fangliang Cao, Zhihui Sun, and Surendra P. Shah. “Effects of Nano-Silica and Nano-Limestone on Flowability and Mechanical Properties of Ultra-High-Performance Concrete Matrix.” Construction and Building Materials 95 (October 2015): 366–374. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.05.137.
Lenka, S., and K.C. Panda. “Effect of Metakaolin on the Properties of Conventional and Self Compacting Concrete.” Advances in Concrete Construction 5, no. 1 (February 25, 2017): 31–48. doi:10.12989/acc.2017.5.1.31.
Gill, Anhad Singh, and Rafat Siddique. “Strength and Micro-Structural Properties of Self-Compacting Concrete Containing Metakaolin and Rice Husk Ash.” Construction and Building Materials 157 (December 2017): 51–64. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.09.088.
Ge, Zhi, Kejin Wang, Renjuan Sun, Dawei Huang, and Yizhang Hu. “Properties of Self-Consolidating Concrete Containing Nano-CaCO3.” Journal of Sustainable Cement-Based Materials 3, no. 3–4 (March 31, 2014): 191–200. doi:10.1080/21650373.2014.903213.
Shahidan, Shahiron, Bassam A Tayeh, A A Jamaludin, N A A S Bahari, S S Mohd, N Zuki Ali, and F S Khalid. “Physical and Mechanical Properties of Self-Compacting Concrete Containing Superplasticizer and Metakaolin.” IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 271 (November 2017): 012004. doi:10.1088/1757-899x/271/1/012004.
Barkhordari, Mohammad Sadegh, and Mohsen Tehranizadeh. “The Effect of Soil around the Basement Walls on the Base Level of Braced Framed Tube System.” Civil Engineering Journal 4, no. 9 (September 30, 2018): 2060. doi:10.28991/cej-03091139.
J.-T. Ding and Z. Li, “Effects of Metakaolin and Silica Fume on Properties of Concrete.” ACI Materials Journal 99, no. 4 (2002). doi:10.14359/12222.
Khotbehsara, Mojdeh Mehrinejad, Bahareh Mehdizadeh Miyandehi, Farzad Naseri, Togay Ozbakkaloglu, Faezeh Jafari, and Ehsan Mohseni. “Effect of SnO 2 , ZrO 2 , and CaCO 3 Nanoparticles on Water Transport and Durability Properties of Self-Compacting Mortar Containing Fly Ash: Experimental Observations and ANFIS Predictions.” Construction and Building Materials 158 (January 2018): 823–834. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.10.067.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2020 akram obeed kadhum, Haider mohammed Owaid
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.