Seismic Performance of Two Story Steel Building Using Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) Bars
Shape Memory Alloys (SMA) is type of smart materials that have ability to undergo large deformation and return back to their undeformed shape through heating (shape memory effect) or removal of load (superelastic effect). This unique ability is useful to enhance behavior of structure and seismic resistance. In this paper, superelasticity (SE) effect of NiTi alloys is used to improve the structural characteristics of steel building. The finite element analysis of steel building is done using ABAQUS v.2017. In order to compare the structural behavior of the steel building equipped with Shape Memory Alloy bars at beam-column connection, three steel building was modeled with a different combination of high strength steel bars and SMA bars. The steel building was checked for time history analysis by using Vrancea 1977 earthquake data. In order to estimate the recentring ability, residual of roof displacement and energy dissipation. The steel building equipped with SMA bars shows 82.7%, 152.72% recovery in residual roof displacement for steel building equipped with 50% SMA bars and 50% HS steel bars and steel building equipped with 100% SMA bars respectively, and moderate energy dissipation. In general, the frame equipped with 50% superelastic SMA bars and 50% HS steel bars provided better seismic performance.
Wang, Wei, Tak-Ming Chan, Hongliang Shao, and Yiyi Chen. “Cyclic Behavior of Connections Equipped with NiTi Shape Memory Alloy and Steel Tendons Between H-Shaped Beams to CHS Column.” Engineering Structures 88 (April 2015): 37–50. doi:10.1016/j.engstruct.2015.01.028.
Dolce, M., Cardone, D. and Marnetto, R., “Implementation and testing of passive control devices based on shape memory alloys.” Earthquake engineering & structural dynamics, (2000) 29(7), pp.945-968. doi: 10.1002/1096-9845(200007)29:7%3C945::AID-EQE958%3E3.0.CO;2-%23.
Ocel, ustin, Reginald DesRoches, Roberto T. Leon, W. Gregory Hess, Robert Krumme, Jack R. Hayes, and Steve Sweeney. “Steel Beam-Column Connections Using Shape Memory Alloys.” Journal of Structural Engineering 130, no. 5 (May 2004): 732–740. doi:10.1061/(asce)0733-9445(2004)130:5(732).
Penar, B. W. (2005). Recentering beam-column connections using shape memory alloys (Doctoral dissertation, Georgia Institute of Technology).
Fang, Cheng, Michael C.H. Yam, Angus C.C. Lam, and Langkun Xie. “Cyclic Performance of Extended End-Plate Connections Equipped with Shape Memory Alloy Bolts.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research 94 (March 2014): 122–136. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2013.11.008.
Sultana, Papia, and Maged A. Youssef. “Seismic Performance of Steel Moment Resisting Frames Utilizing Superelastic Shape Memory Alloys.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research 125 (October 2016): 239–251. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2016.06.019.
Wang, Wei, Cheng Fang, and Jia Liu. “Self-Centering Beam-to-Column Connections with Combined Superelastic SMA Bolts and Steel Angles.” Journal of Structural Engineering 143, no. 2 (February 2017): 04016175. doi:10.1061/(asce)st.1943-541x.0001675.
Rahmzadeh, Ahmad, and M. S. Alam. "Cyclic behavior of post-tensioned steel connections with shape memory alloy angles." In Proc., 6th Int. Conf. on Engineering Mechanics and Materials. Vancouver, BC, Canada: Canadian Society for Civil Engineering. 2017.
Fang, Cheng, Wei Wang, Ce He, and Yiyi Chen. “Self-Centring Behaviour of Steel and Steel-Concrete Composite Connections Equipped with NiTi SMA Bolts.” Engineering Structures 150 (November 2017): 390–408. doi:10.1016/j.engstruct.2017.07.067.
Bajoria, Kamalkishor M, and Rashmi Jadhav.. “Performance Assessment of Shape Memory Alloy Plates for Recovery oSeismic Deflections in Steel Frames.”
Elsawy, Mohamed O., Atef Eraky, and Osama Elhusseiny. "A Numerical Study on Improvement of Shape Memory Alloy Bolt Characteristics of Beam-Column Connections." Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering 12, no. 3 (2018).
Papia Sultana & Maged A. Youssef (2018): Seismic Performance of Modular Steel-Braced Frames Utilizing Superelastic Shape Memory Alloy Bolts in the Vertical Module Connections, Journal of Earthquake Engineering, ” DOI: 10.1080/13632469.2018.1453394.
Elbahy, Y. I., M. A. Youssef, and M. Meshaly. “Seismic Performance of Reinforced Concrete Frames Retrofitted Using External Superelastic Shape Memory Alloy Bars.” Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering 17, no. 2 (September 20, 2018): 781–802. doi:10.1007/s10518-018-0477-7.
Chowdhury, Md Arman, Ahmad Rahmzadeh, Saber Moradi, and M Shahria Alam. “Feasibility of Using Reduced Length Superelastic Shape Memory Alloy Strands in Post-Tensioned Steel Beam–column Connections.” Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures 30, no. 2 (November 12, 2018): 283–307. doi:10.1177/1045389x18806393.
KM, Bajoria, and Jadhav RV. “Seismic Performance Improvement of Steel Moment Resisting Frame Using Shape Memory Alloy.” Journal of Steel Structures & Construction 04, no. 01 (2018). doi:10.4172/2472-0437.1000141.
Xu, Xian, Jiaqi Tu, Guangming Cheng, Junhua Zheng, and Yaozhi Luo. “Experimental Study on Self-Centering Link Beams Using Post-Tensioned Steel-SMA Composite Tendons.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research 155 (April 2019): 121–128. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2018.12.026.
Hu, Jong. “Smart Connection Systems” (October 7, 2015). doi:10.1201/b19247.
DesRoches, Reginald, Jason McCormick, and Michael Delemont. “Cyclic Properties of Superelastic Shape Memory Alloy Wires and Bars.” Journal of Structural Engineering 130, no. 1 (January 2004): 38–46. doi:10.1061/(asce)0733-9445(2004)130:1(38)
Rao, Singiresu S. “Finite Element Analysis Using ABAQUS ∗ ∗Abaqus Finite Element Method Software Is Marketed by SIMULIA, Rising Sun Mills, 166 Valley Street, Providence, RI 02909-2499.” The Finite Element Method in Engineering (2018): 671–701. doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-811768-2.00021-3
Inculet, V, .2016. Nonlinear analysis of earthquake-induced vibrations.
Moradi, Saber, and M Shahria Alam. “Feasibility Study of Utilizing Superelastic Shape Memory Alloy Plates in Steel Beam–column Connections for Improved Seismic Performance.” Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures 26, no. 4 (April 2014): 463–475. doi:10.1177/1045389x14529032.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2019 jelan hamed
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.