Investigating Factors of Safety Culture Assessment in Construction Industry Projects
Early signs of an organizational commitment to safety policies are manifested in the safety culture in that organization. Improving the safety culture of contractors can reduce occupational accidents in construction industry projects. Many scholars tend to research on this concept in order to achieve an approach to reducing occupational accidents. Numerous studies have attempted to identify the components affecting the safety culture using various methods and tools for measuring and assessing the safety culture; nevertheless, none of these studies measured the impact level of each of the evaluated factors on the safety culture. Hence, this study, assess the influence of each of these factors on the safe culture of contractors working in the construction industry. This study used a structural equation modeling approach to examine the safety culture assessment factors. Accordingly, ten factors affecting the safety culture were scrutinized to provide a conceptual model with ten predictable paths for evaluating the relationships between the variables. The data collected from thermal power plant construction projects were applied to test the hypothesized model experimentally using SEM-PLS method. According to the results of this study, it can be concluded that the factors of management commitment, appraisal of work hazards, supportive environment and communication among the factors influencing the safety culture of contractors in the studied projects had respectively the most impact on the safety culture of contractors operating in the thermal power industry, as well as the work pressure had the least impact on the safety culture..
Shirali, G. abbas and Dibehkhosravi, A. “Validity and reliability Assessment of safety culture Questionnaire based on International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) model in oil and gas Production Company.” Iran Occupational Health. (2016), 12–23.
Sacks, R., Rozenfeld, O. and Rosenfeld, Y. “Spatial and Temporal Exposure to Safety Hazards in Construction.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. (Aug. 2009), 726–736. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2009)135:8(726).
Khosravi, Y., Asilian-Mahabadi, H., Hajizadeh, E., Hassanzadeh-Rangi, N. and Behzadan, A.H. “Structural modeling of safety performance in construction industry.” Iranian journal of public health. (Aug. 2014), 1099–106.
Mohammadi, A., Tavakolan, M. and Khosravi, Y. “Developing safety archetypes of construction industry at project level using system dynamics.” Journal of Safety Research. (2018), 17–26. doi:10.1016/j.jsr.2018.09.010.
Fang, D., Zhao, C. and Zhang, M. “A Cognitive Model of Construction Workers’ Unsafe Behaviors.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. (Sep. 2016), 04016039. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001118.
Kartam, N.A. “Integrating Safety and Health Performance into Construction CPM.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. (Jun. 1997), 121–126. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(1997)123:2(121).
Khosravi, Y., Asilian-Mahabadi, H., Hajizadeh, E., Hassanzadeh-Rangi, N., Bastani, H. and Behzadan, A.H. “Factors Influencing Unsafe Behaviors and Accidents on Construction Sites: A Review.” International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics. (Jan. 2014), 111–125. doi:10.1080/10803548.2014.11077023.
Mohammadi, A., Tavakolan, M. and Khosravi, Y. “Factors influencing safety performance on construction projects: A review.” Safety Science. (2018), 382–397. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.017.
Guldenmund, F., “The nature of safety culture: a review of theory and research.” Safety Science. (Feb. 2000), 215–257. doi:10.1016/S0925-7535(00)00014-X.
Martín, J.E., Rivas, T., Matías, J.M., Taboada, J. and Argüelles, A. “A Bayesian network analysis of workplace accidents caused by falls from a height.” Safety Science. (2009), 206–214. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2008.03.004.
Guldenmund, F.. “The nature of safety culture: a review of theory and research.” Safety Science. (Feb. 2000), 215–257. doi:10.1016/S0925-7535(00)00014-X.
Glendon, A.I. and Stanton, N.A. “Perspectives on safety culture.” Safety Science. (2000), 193–214. doi:10.1016/S0925-7535(00)00013-8.
Mariscal, M.A., Herrero, S.G. and Toca Otero, A. “Assessing safety culture in the Spanish nuclear industry through the use of working groups.” Safety Science. (Jun. 2012), 1237–1246. doi:10.1016/J.SSCI.2012.01.008.
Myers, D.J., Nyce, J.M. and Dekker, S.W.A. “Setting culture apart: Distinguishing culture from behavior and social structure in safety and injury research.” Accident Analysis & Prevention. (Jul. 2014), 25–29. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2013.12.010.
Fernández-Muñiz, B., Montes-Peón, J.M. and Vázquez-Ordás, C.J. “Safety culture: Analysis of the causal relationships between its key dimensions.” Journal of Safety Research. (Jan. 2007), 627–641. doi:10.1016/J.JSR.2007.09.001.
Wu, C., Wang, F., Zou, P.X.W. and Fang, D. “How safety leadership works among owners, contractors and subcontractors in construction projects.” International Journal of Project Management. (Jul. 2016), 789–805. doi:10.1016/J.IJPROMAN.2016.02.013.
Zahoor, H., Chan, A.P.C., Utama, W.P., Gao, R. and Memon, S.A. “Determinants of Safety Climate for Building Projects: SEM-Based Cross-Validation Study.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. (Jun. 2017), 05017005. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001298.
Gao, R., Chan, A., Utama, W., Zahoor, H., Gao, R., Chan, A.P.C., Utama, W.P. and Zahoor, H. “Multilevel Safety Climate and Safety Performance in the Construction Industry: Development and Validation of a Top-Down Mechanism.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. (Nov. 2016), 1100. doi:10.3390/ijerph13111100.
Zhang, P., Li, N., Fang, D. and Wu, H. “Supervisor-Focused Behavior-Based Safety Method for the Construction Industry: Case Study in Hong Kong.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. (Jul. 2017), 05017009. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001294.
Asilian-mahabadi, H., Khosravi, Y., Hassanzadeh-rangi, N., Hajizadeh, E. and Behzadan, A.H. “Factors affecting unsafe behavior in construction projects : development and validation of a new questionnaire.” International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics (JOSE). (2017), 1–8. doi:10.1080/10803548.2017.1408243.
Xia, N., Griffin, M.A., Wang, X., Liu, X. and Wang, D. “Is there agreement between worker self and supervisor assessment of worker safety performance? An examination in the construction industry.” Journal of Safety Research. (Jun. 2018), 29–37. doi:10.1016/J.JSR.2018.03.001.
Arghami, S., Pouya Kian, M. and Goudarzi, R. “Identification of Factors Affecting Safety Culture in Iranian Thermal Power Plants.” Journal of Occupational Hygiene Engineering. (2016). doi:10.21859/johe-03022.
British Petroleum. “BP Statistical Review of World Energy” Br. Pet (2017). http://www.bp.com/content/dam/bp/en/corporate /pdf/energy.
Tavanir. “The detailed statistics of the electricity industry of Iran” (May 2018). Tehran.
Wreathall, J. Organizational culture, behavioral norms and safety. Installations. Vienna.
Wiegmann, D.A., Zhang, H., von Thaden, T.L., Sharma, G. and Gibbons, A.M. “Safety Culture: An Integrative Review.” The International Journal of Aviation Psychology. (Apr. 2004), 117–134. doi:10.1207/s15327108ijap1402_1.
Feng, Y., Teo, E.A.L., Ling, F.Y.Y. and Low, S.P. “Exploring the interactive effects of safety investments, safety culture and project hazard on safety performance: An empirical analysis.” International Journal of Project Management. (2014), 932–943. doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2013.10.016.
Mohamed, S. “Safety Climate in Construction Site Environments.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. (2002), 375–384. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2002)128:5(375).
Teo, E.A.L. and Feng, Y. “The role of safety climate in predicting safety culture on construction sites.” Architectural Science Review. (Feb. 2009), 5–16. doi:10.3763/asre.2008.0037.
Martínez-Córcoles, M., Gracia, F., Tomás, I. and Peiró, J.M. “Leadership and employees’ perceived safety behaviours in a nuclear power plant: A structural equation model.” Safety Science. (Oct. 2011), 1118–1129. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2011.03.002.
Dion, P.A. “Interpreting Structural Equation Modeling Results: A Reply to Martin and Cullen.” Journal of Business Ethics. (Dec. 2008), 365–368. doi:10.1007/s10551-007-9634-7.
Elazar J. Pedhazur Multiple regression in behavioral research explanation and prediction. Forth Worth Harcourt Brace College Publishers.
Zhao, X., Hwang, B.-G., Pheng Low, S. and Wu, P. “Reducing Hindrances to Enterprise Risk Management Implementation in Construction Firms.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. (Mar. 2015), 04014083. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000945.
Hsu, I.-Y., Su, T.-S., Kao, C.-S., Shu, Y.-L., Lin, P.-R. and Tseng, J.-M. “Analysis of business safety performance by structural equation models.” Safety Science. (Jan. 2012), 1–11. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2011.04.012.
Davison, A.C. and Hinkley, D. V. Bootstrap methods and their application. Cambridge University Press.
Hair, J.F., Ringle, C.M. and Sarstedt, M. “PLS-SEM: Indeed a Silver Bullet.” The Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice. (Apr. 2011), 139–152. doi:10.2753/MTP1069-6679190202.
Fornell, C. and Larcker, D.F. “Evaluating Structural Equation Models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error.” Journal of Marketing Research. (Feb. 1981), 39. doi:10.2307/3151312.
Chin, W.W. The partial least squares approach for structural equation modeling. Mahwah.
Zhou, Q., Fang, D. and Mohamed, S. “Safety Climate Improvement: Case Study in a Chinese Construction Company.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. (Jan. 2011), 86–95. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000241.
Shin, M., Lee, H.S., Park, M., Moon, M. and Han, S. “A system dynamics approach for modeling construction workers’ safety attitudes and behaviors.” Accident Analysis and Prevention. (2014), 95–105. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2013.09.019.
Hofmann, D.A. and Stetzer, A. “The role of safety climate and communication in accident interpretation: implications for learning from negative events.” Academy of Management Journal. (Dec. 1998), 644–657. doi:10.2307/256962.
Edmondson, A.C. “Learning from Mistakes is Easier Said than Done: Group and Organizational Influences on the Detection and Correction of Human Error.” The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science. (Mar. 1996), 5–28. doi:10.1177/0021886396321001.
Scott Geller, E. The Psychology of Safety Handbook. CRC Press.
Geller, E.S. Actively caring for occupational safety: Extending the performance management paradigm. The Haworth Press, Inc Binghamton.
Fang, D., Chen, Y. and Wong, L. “Safety Climate in Construction Industry: A Case Study in Hong Kong.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. (Jun. 2006), 573–584. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2006)132:6(573).
Dedobbeleer, N. and Béland, F. “A safety climate measure for construction sites.” Journal of Safety Research. (Jun. 1991), 97–103. doi:10.1016/0022-4375(91)90017-P.
Mohamed, S. “Empirical investigation of construction safety management activities and performance in Australia.” Safety Science. (1999), 129–142. doi:10.1016/S0925-7535(99)00028-4.
Laukkanen, T. “Construction work and education: occupational health and safety reviewed.” Construction Management and Economics. (Jan. 1999), 53–62. doi:10.1080/014461999371826.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2019 Vahid Zeinalabedin Tehrani, Omid Rezaifar, Majid Gholhaki, Yahya Khosravi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.