Evaluation of Drivers’ Affectability and Satisfaction with Black Spots Warning Application
Since a significant percentage of crashes occur at black spots, different methods have been proposed to prioritize the modification of these spots and prevent crashes. One of these prevention methods in transportation is the hazard warning systems. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the satisfaction of drivers and their affectability from a map-based warning application is evaluated. To this end, black spots were identified on one of the two-way two-lane highways in the North-West of Iran and 32 male drivers were tested in the intervention group (warning state) and the control group (non-warning state). The evaluation of the warning application was done in two steps. In the first stage, drivers’ affectability between the two groups was compared, where average speed and number of speed limit violations were studied in warning and non-warning states. In the second stage, drivers' satisfaction with application features was examined using questionnaires. The findings showed that the difference in mean speeds at black spots between warning and non-warning states was significant with 95% confidence level and the use of warning application was effective in reducing the number of drivers with speed limit violations at black spots. Most drivers were highly content with the warning from car speakers, advisory warnings and warning distance from black spot, and did not have enough satisfaction with visual warnings, the application installation procedure, and warnings from smartphone speakers. Additionally, the results of the questionnaire revealed that not only warnings did not cause distraction for the drivers, they were effective in increasing their caution. These findings can be used to eliminate the shortcomings of the hazard warning application.
Abedi, Leili, and Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani. "Epidemiological patterns and risk factors of motorcycle injuries in Iran and Eastern Mediterranean Region countries: a systematic review." International journal of injury control and safety promotion 24, no. 2 (2017): 263-270. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2015.1080729.
Bao, Shan, David J. LeBlanc, James R. Sayer, and Carol Flannagan. "Heavy-truck drivers’ following behavior with intervention of an integrated, in-vehicle crash warning system: A field evaluation." Human factors 54, no. 5 (2012): 687-697. doi: 10.1177/0018720812439412.
Bella, Francesco, and Manuel Silvestri. "Effects of directional auditory and visual warnings at intersections on reaction times and speed reduction times." Transportation research part F: traffic psychology and behaviour 51 (2017): 88-102. doi: 10.1016/j.trf.2017.09.006.
Birrell, Stewart A., Mark Fowkes, and Paul A. Jennings. "Effect of using an in-vehicle smart driving aid on real-world driver performance." IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems 15, no. 4 (2014): 1801-1810. doi: 10.1109/tits.2014.2328357.
Blaschke, C., F. Breyer, B. Färber, J. Freyer, and R. Limbacher. "Driver distraction based lane-keeping assistance." Transportation research part F: traffic psychology and behaviour 12, no. 4 (2009): 288-299. doi: 10.1016/j.trf.2009.02.002.
Botzer, Assaf, Oren Musicant, and Amir Perry. "Driver behavior with a smartphone collision warning application–a field study." Safety science 91 (2017): 361-372. doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2016.09.003.
Cicchino, Jessica B. "Effectiveness of forward collision warning and autonomous emergency braking systems in reducing front-to-rear crash rates." Accident Analysis & Prevention 99 (2017): 142-152. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2016.11.009.
de Waard, Dick, Monique van der Hulst, and Karel A. Brookhuis. "Elderly and young drivers’ reaction to an in-car enforcement and tutoring system." Applied ergonomics 30, no. 2 (1999): 147-157. doi: 10.1016/s0003-6870(98)00002-7.
Ganji, Seyedreza Seyedalizadeh, and Amir Abbas Rassafi. "Road Safety Evaluation using a Novel Cross Efficiency Method based on Double Frontiers DEA and Evidential Reasoning Approach." KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering (2018): 1-16. doi: 10.1007/s12205-018-0401-3.
Jeong, Heejin, and Paul A. Green. "Forward collision warning modality and content: a summary of human factors studies." (2012).
Jermakian, Jessica S., Shan Bao, Mary Lynn Buonarosa, James R. Sayer, and Charles M. Farmer. "Effects of an integrated collision warning system on teenage driver behavior." Journal of safety research 61 (2017): 65-75. doi: 10.1016/j.jsr.2017.02.013.
Kazazi, Juela, Susann Winkler, and Mark Vollrath. "Accident prevention through visual warnings: how to design warnings in head-up display for older and younger drivers." In Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC), 2015 IEEE 18th International Conference on, pp. 1028-1034. IEEE, 2015. doi: 10.1109/itsc.2015.171.
Kusano, Kristofer D., Rong Chen, Jade Montgomery, and Hampton C. Gabler. "Population distributions of time to collision at brake application during car following from naturalistic driving data." Journal of safety research 54 (2015): 95-e29. doi: 10.1016/j.jsr.2015.06.011.
Liao, Yuan, Lian Duan, Minjuan Wang, and Fang Chen. "Cross-regional study on driver response behavior patterns and system acceptance with triggered forward collision warning." In Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV), 2017 IEEE, pp. 565-570. IEEE, 2017. doi: 10.1109/ivs.2017.7995778.
Lubbe, Nils. "Brake reactions of distracted drivers to pedestrian Forward Collision Warning systems." Journal of safety research 61 (2017): 23-32. doi: 10.1016/j.jsr.2017.02.002.
Manual, Highway Safety. "Aashto." Washington, DC 529 (2010).
Mirbaha, Babak, Mahmoud Saffarzadeh, Seyed AmirHossein Beheshty, MirMoosa Aniran, Mirbahador Yazdani, and Bahram Shirini. "Predicting Average Vehicle Speed in Two Lane Highways Considering Weather Condition and Traffic Characteristics." In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 245, no. 4, p. 042024. IOP Publishing, 2017. doi: 10.1088/1757-899x/245/4/042024.
Naujoks, Frederik, and Alexandra Neukum. "Specificity and timing of advisory warnings based on cooperative perception." In Mensch & Computer Workshopband, pp. 229-238. 2014. doi: 10.1524/9783110344509.229.
Oxley, P. R., and C. G. B. Mitchell. "Final report on elderly and disabled drivers information telematics (Project EDDIT)." Commission of the European Communities DG XIII, R & D Programme Telematics Systems in the Area of Transport (DRIVE II), Brussels, Belgium (1995).
Regan, Michael A., Eve Mitsopoulos, Narelle Haworth, and Kristie Young. "Acceptability of in-vehicle intelligent transport systems to Victorian car drivers." Monash University Accident Research Centre (2002).
Ruscio, Daniele, Maria Rita Ciceri, and Federica Biassoni. "How does a collision warning system shape driver's brake response time? The influence of expectancy and automation complacency on real-life emergency braking." Accident Analysis & Prevention 77 (2015): 72-81. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2015.01.018.
Ryder, Benjamin, Bernhard Gahr, Philipp Egolf, Andre Dahlinger, and Felix Wortmann. "Preventing traffic accidents with in-vehicle decision support systems-The impact of accident hotspot warnings on driver behaviour." Decision support systems 99 (2017): 64-74. doi: 10.1016/j.dss.2017.05.004.
Sadeghi-Bazargani, Homayoun, and Mohammad Saadati. "Speed Management Strategies; A Systematic Review." Bulletin of Emergency & Trauma 4, no. 3 (2016): 126.
Sato, Toshihisa, and Motoyuki Akamatsu. "Preliminary study on driver acceptance of multiple warnings while driving on highway." In SICE Annual Conference, 2008, pp. 872-877. IEEE, 2008. doi: 10.1109/sice.2008.4654777.
Shaout, Adnan, Dominic Colella, and S. Awad. "Advanced driver assistance systems-past, present and future." In Computer Engineering Conference (ICENCO), 2011 Seventh International, pp. 72-82. IEEE, 2011. doi: 10.1109/icenco.2011.6153935.
Stevens, Scott. "The Relationship between Driver Acceptance and System Effectiveness in Car-Based Collision Warning Systems: Evidence of an Overreliance Effect in Older Drivers?." SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars-Electronic and Electrical Systems 5, no. 2012-01-0282 (2012): 114-124. doi: 10.4271/2012-01-0282.
Suzuki, Keisuke, and Håkan Jansson. "An analysis of driver’s steering behaviour during auditory or haptic warnings for the designing of lane departure warning system." JSAE review 24, no. 1 (2003): 65-70. doi: 10.1016/s0389-4304(02)00247-3.
van der Heiden, Remo MA, Christian P. Janssen, Stella F. Donker, and Chantal L. Merkx. "Visual in-car warnings: How fast do drivers respond?." Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour (2018). doi: 10.1016/j.trf.2018.02.024.
Van Der Laan, Jinke D., Adriaan Heino, and Dick De Waard. "A simple procedure for the assessment of acceptance of advanced transport telematics." Transportation research. Part C, Emerging technologies 5, no. 1 (1997): 1-10. doi: 10.1016/s0968-090x(96)00025-3.
Venkatesh, Viswanath, and Michael G. Morris. "Why don't men ever stop to ask for directions? Gender, social influence, and their role in technology acceptance and usage behavior." MIS quarterly (2000): 115-139. doi: 10.2307/3250981.
Viborg, Njördur. "Older and younger drivers attitudes toward in-car ITS." Bulletin 181 (1999).
Werneke, Julia, and Mark Vollrath. "How to present collision warnings at intersections?—A comparison of different approaches." Accident analysis & prevention 52 (2013): 91-99. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2012.12.001.
Wilmots, Brenda, Elke Hermans, Tom Brijs, and Geert Wets. "Speed control with and without advanced warning sign on the field: An analysis of the effect on driving speed." Safety science 85 (2016): 23-32. doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2015.12.014.
World Health Organization. Global status report on road safety 2015. World Health Organization, 2015.
World Road Association. "Road safety manual." Piarc technical committee on road safety (2003).
Yang, Ming, and Hideo Yamanaka. "An Experimental Analysis of Drivers Attitudes towards In-Vehicle Warning System at Stop Sign Controlled Intersection." In Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 361, pp. 2224-2231. Trans Tech Publications, 2013. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/amm.361-363.2224.
Yazdani, Mirbahador, and Habibollah Nassiri. "The effect of weather on the severity of multi-vehicle crashes: a case study of Iran." In Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Transport, pp. 1-10. Thomas Telford Ltd, 2018. doi: 10.1680/jtran.18.00080.
Zhang, Junyi, Koji Suto, and Akimasa Fujiwara. "Effects of in-vehicle warning information on drivers’ decelerating and accelerating behaviors near an arch-shaped intersection." Accident Analysis & Prevention 41, no. 5 (2009): 948-958. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2009.05.010.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2019 Mirbahador Yazdani, Amir Abbas Rassafi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.