Mechanical Properties of Concrete Containing River Indus Sand and Recyclable Concrete Aggregate
In Pakistan construction Industry, concrete construction is cheaper than the other construction methods with respect to that construction materials demand rises. The 75% volume of total concrete fill with aggregate which contributes to decrease the natural aggregate resources day by day. The best solution for this problem is to utilize River Indus sand and recyclable concrete aggregate as fine and coarse aggregate respectively. In this research the River Indus sand and recyclable coarse aggregate were fully replaced with normal aggregates. The aim of this study was to examine the flexural and tensile performance of concrete containing the River Indus sand and recyclable concrete aggregate. The physical properties were also examined which include the sieve analysis and chemical composition of River Indus sand. The M15, M20 and M25 grade were analyzed at 7, 14, 21 and 28 days water curing. The results define that, flexural strength was reduced from 5% to 15% compared to normal aggregate whereas tensile was decreased from 1% to 1.8% at 28 days water curing.
Evi, A S. “A huge number of artificial waste material can be supplementary cementitious material (SCM) for concrete production – a review part II” Journal of Cleaner Production (2017): 142(4): 4178-4194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.12.115.
Zongjin, L. I. "Advanced Concrete Technology", (1st ed.). New Jersey: (2011) John Wiley and Sons Inc. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470950067.ch4.
Neville, A.M. "Properties of concrete" (5th ed.) UK (2011): Prentice Hall. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118562734.index.
Poon, C.S; Shui, Z.H; Lam, L; Fok, H; and Kou; S.C. "Influence of Moisture States of Natural and Recycled Aggregates on the Slump and Compressive Strength of Concrete". Cement and Concrete Research Journal (2004) 34 (1): 31-36. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2FS0008-846%2803%2900186-8.
Mirjana,M; Vlastimir, R and Snežana, M. "Recycled Concrete as Aggregate for Structural Concrete Production" Sustainability (2010): 4, 1204-1225. https://doi.org/10.3390/su2051204.
Lakhiar, M. T., Mohamad, N., Abubakar, M., Ahmed, A., “Effect of River Indus sand on Concrete Tensile Strength” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research (2018) 8(2): 2796-2798. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ashfaque_Jhatial/publication/324605150_Effect_of_River_Indus_Sand_on_Concrete_Tensile_Strength/links/5ad8bec7a6fdcc2935865b56/Effect-of-River-Indus-Sand-on-Concrete-Tensile-Strength.pdf
Omoregie, A; and Alutu, O.E. "The Influence of Fine Aggregate Combinations on Particle Size Distribution, Grading Parameter, and Compressive Strength of Sandcrete Blocks" Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering (2006) 33(10): 1271-1278. https://doi.org/10.1139/l06-059.
Lakhiar, M. T., Sohu, S., Bhatti, I.A., Bhatti, N., Abbasi, S.A. and Tarique, M., “Flexural Performance of Concrete Reinforced by Plastic Fibers” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research (2018) 8(3): 3041-3043. http://etasr.com/index.php/ETASR/article/view/2084
Dsouza, V., "Evaluation of Strength Properties of Concrete by Partial Replacement of Natural Sand with Foundry Sand" International Journal of Engineering Technology Science and Research (2017) 4(10): 62-69. http://ijetsr.com/images/short_pdf/1507559246_62-69-cdac912_ijetsr.pdf.
Amrutha; Adharsh; Ashirwad; Fareen; Najila; and Praseedha. "Partial Replacement of Fine Aggregate by Used Foundry Sand in Concrete" International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (2017) 4 (3): 165-169. https://irjet.net/archives/V4/i4/IRJET-V4I433.pdf
Dushyant, R.B; Jayesh, K.P. "Used foundry sand: opportunities for development of ecofriendly low cost concrete". International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology (2013) 4 (3): 165-169. https://doi.org/10.15373/22778160/january2013/64.
Fan, C. C., Huang, R., Hwang. H. and Chao, S. J., "The Effects of Different Fine Recycled Concrete Aggregates on the Properties of Mortar" Materials (2015) 8: 2658-2672. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma8052658
Yap, S.P., Chen, P.Z.C., and Yingxin, “Characterization of pervious concrete with blended natural aggregate and recycled concrete aggregates” Journal of Cleaner Production (2018) 181: 155-165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.01.205.
ASTM C136 / C136M-14, Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1520/c0136-05.
ASTM E1621-13, Standard Guide for Elemental Analysis by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1520/e1621-94r99.
ASTM C78 / C78M-16, Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Concrete (Using Simple Beam with Third-Point Loading), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1520/c0078-08.
ASTM C496/C496M-17, Standard Test Method for Splitting Tensile Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1520/c0496_c0496m-04e0.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2018 Muhammad Tahir Lakhiar, Samiullah Sohu, Ashfaque Ahmed Jhatial, Mehboob Oad, Suhail Ahmed Abbasi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.