Induced Settlement Reduction Of Adjacent Masonry Building In Residential Constructions

Abolfazl Mohafezatkar Sereshkeh, Reza Jamshidi Chenari


Many buildings and heritages are yearly damaged due to new construction plans in vicinity of them. Current engineering practice in Iran lacks unfortunately regulations to enforce the designers of new buildings to re-evaluate the structural integrity of adjacent old buildings which are prone to unacceptable induced settlement and distortions. To damage assessment of old building, deflection ratio was used for unreinforced load-bearing wall (masonry) building. In this paper some practical methods like story limits for the new buildings according to the specification of old structure, improvement of shallow foundations and increasing the embedment depth of new foundations have been studied in order to decrease the settlement and undesirable effects of adjacent constructions. Parametric studies using numerical analysis, Flac3D, have paved the way how above mentioned methods can remedy the problem. So induced consolidation settlements due to new construction in adjacent building were studied.  In conclusion, increase of admissible story of new building up to one floor by increase of embedment depth as much as one meter and three floors by using of mat foundation instead of single footing were highlighted these methods.


Induced Settlement; Forensic Analysis; Adjacent Building; Embedded Depth; Shallow Foundation; Consolidation Settlement.


Votyakov I. F. "Additional settlement of a building due to the foundation of an adjacent building." Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, 3 (1966), Number 1.

Murthy S. S. N. Interference in surface footings on clean sands: Proceedings of the Symposium on Shallow Foundations, 1970, Bombay, India.

Selvadurai A. P. S. "The additional settlement of a rigid circular foundation on an elastic halfspace due to multiple distributed external loads", Geotechnique, 32 (1982), l-7.

Amir A. A. A. Interference Effect on the Behaviour of Footings. phD Thesis (1992), University of Roorkee.

Saran S, and Amir A. A. A. "Interference between surface Strip Footings on Cohesive Soil." IGC, 1 (1992), 77-81.

Ahmed A. A. A. And Eleen A. R. "Settlemnt and tilt of two interfering footings on clay." Indian Geotechnical Journal. (1997).

Wardhana K, and Hadipriono F. C. "Study of Recent Building Failures in the United States." Journal of performance of constructed facilities, August 2003.

Zdravkovic L, and Neo J. L. "The interaction between strip surface footings on clay." Copyright © 2004 Taylor & Francis Group plc.

Ghosh P, and Kumar P. "Interference Effect of Two Nearby Strip Footings on Reinforced Sand." Contemporary Engineering Sciences, 2 (2009), 577 – 592.

López Gayarre F, González-Nicieza C. M, Alvarez-Fernández I, and Álvarez-Vigil A. E. "Forensic analysis of a pile foundation failure." Engineering Failure Analysis, (2010), 486–497.

Ghosh P, and Kumar S. "Interference effect of two nearby strip surface footings on cohesionless layered soil." International Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, (2011), 87-94.

Nainegali L. S, Ghosh P, and Basudhar P. K. Interaction of Nearby Strip Footings Under Inclined Loading: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Paris, 2013.

Alimardani Lavasan A, and Ghazavi M. "Behavior of closely spaced square and circular footings on reinforced sand." Soils and Foundations, 1 (2012), 160–167.

Saibaba Reddy E, Borzooei S, and Narasimha Reddy G. V. "Interference between Adjacent Footings on Sand." International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Studies, 5 (2012), 95-98.

Panjalizadeh Marseh B, Heidarpour B, Gilaniniay Soumehsaraei , B, and Hosseinnezhad A. "Effects of Adjacent Building Construction: A Case Study." Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 1 (2013), 370-375

Hefdhallah A. Effect of Neighboring Footings on Single Footing Settlement. International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering, Chicago, 2013.

Anastasopoulos I. Structural Damage of a 5-Storey Building: Differential Settlement Due To Construction of an Adjacent Building or Because Of Construction Defects. International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering, Chicago, 2013.

Alimardani Lavasan, and Ghazavi M. "Failure mechanism and soil deformation pattern of soil beneath interfering square footings." Numerical Methods in Civil Engineering, 2 (2014), 48-56.

Dhatrak A. I, and Awachat D. B. Interference of Adjacent Footings on Prestressed Geotextile Reinforced Sand. 50th Indian Geotechnical Conference, Pune, 2015.

Aytekin M. "Impact of adjacent footings on immediate settlement of shallow footings." Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics, 1 (2016), 1–6.

Aghahadi Forushani M, and Mehrnahad H. " Use of Pile to Reduce Induced Settlement in Existing Adjacent Building Following Construction of New Building (Case Study: Abadan)." Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 9 (2016), 1-10.

Liu G, Houlsby G. T, and Augarde C. E. "2-dimensional analysis of settlement damage to masonry buildings caused by tunnelling." The Structural Engineer, 79 (2000), 19-25.

Bowles J. E. Foundation Analysis and Design. 5th ed., the McGraw-Hill Companies, 1997.

Canadian Geotechnical Society. Canadian Foundation Engineering Manual (CFEM), 4th ed., Published by the Canadian Geotechnical Society, Canada, 2006.

Poulos H. G, Carter J. P, and Small J. C. Foundations and retaining structures-research and practice: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Istanbul, 2001.

Sekhavatian A. Evolution the Undrained Shear Strength In Shallow Depth Of Rash Clay By Means Of Vane And Uniaxial Test; Consideration Anisotropy Effects. M.Sc. Thesis (2009), University of Guilan.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Abolfazl Mohafezatkar sereshkeh, Reza Jamshidi Chenari

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.