Investigating the Effects of Cement Type and W/C Ratio on the Concrete Corrosion Using the Electrical Resistance Assessment Method
Today, concrete is known as the most widespread material in civil projects. Up to now, many research works have been conducted concerning determination of concrete durability using various methods including the measurement of electrical resistance in concrete. The present article is an attempt for application of a new method for measurement of electrical resistance of non-conductive materials which is well suited for concrete. To determine the effects of cement type and water to cement ratio on the corrosion phenomenon the electrical resistance method was used. For this purpose use was made of 7 different water to cement ratios and two types of cement (type 2 and type 5). Drawing the electrical resistance diagrams, it was shown that with increase in the water to cement ratio, corrosion rate increases in concrete. Also application of type 5 cement results in a higher strength resistance with respect to cement type 2. On the other hand by increase in the age of concrete specimens, they showed greater resistance to the corrosion attacks.
Whittington, H. W., J. McCarter, and M. C. Forde. “The Conduction of Electricity through Concrete.” Magazine of Concrete Research 33, no. 114 (March 1981): 48–60. doi:10.1680/macr.1918.104.22.168.
Slawinski, A. “Conductibilité D’un Électrolyte Contenant Des Sphères Diélectriques.” Journal de Chimie Physique 23 (1926): 710–727. doi:10.1051/jcp/1926230710.
Medeiros-Junior, Ronaldo A., and Maryangela G. Lima. “Electrical Resistivity of Unsaturated Concrete Using Different Types of Cement.” Construction and Building Materials 107 (March 2016): 11–16. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.12.168.
Medeiros-Junior, R. A., M. G. Lima, M. H. F. Medeiros, and L. V. Real. “Investigação Da Resistência à Compressão e Da Resistividade Elétrica de Concretos Com Diferentes Tipos de Cimento.” Revista ALCONPAT 4, no. 2 (May 30, 2014): 116. doi:10.21041/ra.v4i2.21.
Ghods, P., O.B. Isgor, and M. Pour-Ghaz. “A Practical Method for Calculating the Corrosion Rate of Uniformly Depassivated Reinforcing Bars in Concrete.” Materials and Corrosion 58, no. 4 (April 2007): 265–272. doi:10.1002/maco.200604010.
Liu, Zhiyong, Yunsheng Zhang, and Qian Jiang. “Continuous Tracking of the Relationship Between Resistivity and Pore Structure of Cement Pastes.” Construction and Building Materials 53 (February 2014): 26–31. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.11.067.
Wang, Zhendi, Qiang Zeng, Ling Wang, Yan Yao, and Kefei Li. “Corrosion of Rebar in Concrete Under Cyclic Freeze–thaw and Chloride Salt Action.” Construction and Building Materials 53 (February 2014): 40–47. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.11.063.
WHITING, David A.; NAGI, Mohamad A. Electrical resistivity of concrete-a literature review. R&D Serial, 2003, 2457.
Liu, Zhiyong, Yunsheng Zhang, Laibao Liu, and Qian Jiang. “An Analytical Model for Determining the Relative Electrical Resistivity of Cement Paste and C–S–H Gel.” Construction and Building Materials 48 (November 2013): 647–655. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.07.020.
Afroughsabet, Vahid, and Togay Ozbakkaloglu. “Mechanical and Durability Properties of High-Strength Concrete Containing Steel and Polypropylene Fibers.” Construction and Building Materials 94 (September 2015): 73–82. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.06.051.
Andreu, Gonzalez, and Etxeberria Miren. “Experimental Analysis of Properties of High Performance Recycled Aggregate Concrete.” Construction and Building Materials 52 (February 2014): 227–235. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.11.054.
Hammond, E. and Robson, T. D., in “Comparison of Electrical Properties of Various Cements and Concrete,” The Engineer (London, Jan. 1955), Vol. 199, No. 5165, pp. 78–80.
Ganin V.P." Electrical resistance of concrete as a function of its Composition". Beton I Zhelezobeton, Volume 10. pp. 462-465 (1964).
Goñi, S., C. Andrade, and C.L. Page. “Corrosion Behavior of Steel in High Alumina Cement Mortar Samples: Effect of Chloride.”Cement and Concrete Research 21, no. 4 (July 1991): 635–646. doi:10.1016/0008-8846(91)90114-w.
Hughes, B. P., A. K. O. Soleit, and R. W. Brierley. “New Technique for Determining the Electrical Resistivity of Concrete.”Magazine of Concrete Research 37, no. 133 (December 1985): 243–248. doi:10.1680/macr.1922.214.171.124.
Presuel-Moreno, F., Y.-Y. Wu, and Y. Liu. “Effect of Curing Regime on Concrete Resistivity and Aging Factor over Time.”Construction and Building Materials 48 (November 2013): 874–882. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.07.094.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2018 Moein Biglari, Amirhosein Sheykh Azami, Ali Kahidan, Ehsan Ghafari, Mohammad Ali Ghasemi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.