Influence of Fibre Length on the Behaviour of Polypropylene Fibre Reinforced Cement Concrete

Imtiaz Ahmed Memon, Ashfaque Ahmed Jhatial, Samiullah Sohu, Muhammad Tahir Lakhiar, Zahid Hussain Khaskheli

Abstract


Concrete being a mixture of cement, aggregates (fine and coarse) and water, can be used in vast range of applications. It has excellent durability and availability which are its main advantages. Though, concrete is strong in compression it is comparatively weak in tensile loading. Over the years various materials have been used to reinforce concrete to withstand the tensile stresses. Polypropylene fibre is one such fibre which comes in varied sizes, is nowadays being utilized to reinforce concrete. In this study, three PP fibres were used at 0.20%, 0.25% and 0.30% content by weight. The flexural and compressive strengths were determined. Based on the results, it was observed with increase in size of fibre the compressive strength decreased significantly though it was still higher than the controlled sample. The length of PP fibres had significant effect on the compressive strength and flexural strength of concrete. Short PP fibres showed relatively higher compressive strength but lower flexural strength when higher fibre content is used, while long PP fibres achieved lower compressive strength but higher flexural strength than shorter PP fibres. The optimum dosage for both PP fibre sizes was 0.25% at which it achieved increased strength as compared to control sample.


Keywords


Polypropylene (PP) Fibres; Compressive Strength; Flexural Strength; Fibres Reinforced Concrete (FRC).

References


Haridass M., Gunasekaran R., Vijayakumar V. and Vijayaraghavan, P. “Experimental Study on Concrete with Plastic Plate Fibre Reinforcement.” International Journal of ChemTech Research 10, no. 14 (2017): 74 – 81.

Mahmood K. “Factors Affecting Reinforced Concrete Construction Quality in Pakistan.” In CBM-CI International Workshop. (2007): 374 – 380.

Nair M.M., Shetty N., Alva P.P. and Shetty S.D. “Effect of sawdust impregnation on long coir fibres reinforced with epoxy matrix.” International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences 5, no. 3, (2018): 67 – 74. Doi: 10.21833/ijaas.2018.03.010.

Błaszczyńskia T. and Przybylska-Fałeka M. (2015). “Steel fibre reinforced concrete as a structural material.” Procedia Engineering 122: 282 – 289. Doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2015.10.037.

Najimi M., Farahani F.M. and Pourkhorshidi A.R. “Effects of polypropylene fibres on physical and mechanical properties of concretes.” In Third International Conference on Concrete and Development, Tehran, Iran, (2009): 1073 - 1081.

Abdulhadi M. “A comparative study of basalt and polypropylene fibres reinforced concrete on compressive and tensile behavior”. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 9, issue no. 6, (2014): 295 – 300. Doi: 10.14445/22315381/ijett-v9p258

Memon I.A. (2017). Behaviour of Polypropylene Fibre Reinforced Cement Concrete (PPFRC). Masters. Thesis. Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan.

Lakhiar M.T., Sohu S., Bhatti I.A., Bhatti N., Abbasi S.A. and Tarique M. “Flexural Performance of Concrete Reinforced by Plastic Fibers.” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research 8, no. 3, (2018): 3041-3043.

Brown R., Shukla A. and Natarajan K.R. “Fibre reinforcement of concrete structures” (No. URITC FY99-02,) Kingston: University of Rhode Island Transportation Center (2002).

Madhavi T.C., Raju L.S. and Mathur D. “Polypropylene fibre reinforced concrete - a review.” International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering 4, issue no. 4, (2014): 114 – 119.

Manjunatha J.K., Sanjith J., Ashwini B.T. and Ranjith A. “Fibre Reinforced Self Compacting Concrete – A Review.” International Journal of Science, Technology & Management 04, issue no. 02, (2015): 120 - 124.

Jhatial A.A., Goh W.I., Mohamad N., Alengaram U.J. and Mo K.H. “Effect of Polypropylene Fibres on the Thermal Conductivity of Lightweight Foamed Concrete.” MATEC Web of Conferences 150, (2018): 1 – 6. Doi: 10.1051/matecconf/201815003008.

Singh, V.K. “Effect of Polypropylene Fibre on Properties of Concrete.” International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology 3, issue no. 12, (2014): 312 – 317.

Mohod M.V. “Performance of Polypropylene Fibre Reinforced Concrete.” IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering 12, issue no. 1 (2015): 28 – 36.

Jhatial A.A., Inn G.W., Mohamad N., Alengaram U.J., Mo K.H. and Abdullah R. “Influence of polypropylene fibres on the tensile strength and thermal properties of various densities of foamed concrete.” IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 271, No. 1, (2017): 1 – 7. Doi: 10.1088/1757-899x/271/1/012058.

Ibrahm H.A. and Abbas B.J. “Mechanical Behavior of Recycled Self-Compacting Concrete Reinforced with Polypropylene Fibres.” Journal of Architectural Engineering Technology 6, issue no. 2, (2017): 1 – 7. Doi: 10.4172/2168-9717.1000207.

Jhatial, A. A., Goh, W. I., Mohamad, N., Hong, L. W., Lakhiar, M. T., Samad, A. A. A. and Abdullah, R. “The Mechanical Properties of Foamed Concrete with Polypropylene Fibres”, International Journal of Engineering & Technology, vol. 7, no. 3.7, (2018) 411-413.

Bagherzadeh R., Pakravan H.R., Sadeghi A.H., Latifi M. and Merati A.A. “An Investigation on Adding Polypropylene Fibers to Reinforce Lightweight Cement Composites (LWC).” Journal of Engineered Fabrics & Fibers 7, no. 4 (2012): 13 – 21.

BS EN 12390-3:2009. Testing hardened concrete. Compressive strength of test specimen. British Standards Institution, London.

BS EN 12390-5:2009. Testing hardened concrete. Flexural strength of test specimens British Standards Institution, London.

Zhang M. and Li H. “Pore structure and chloride permeability of concrete containing nano-particles for pavement.” Construction and Building Materials 25, issue no. 2, (2011): 608 – 616. Doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.07.032

Hadipramana J., Samad A.A.A., Zhao Z.J., Mohammad N. and Wirdawati W. “Influence of Polypropylene Fiber in Strength of Foamed Concrete.” Advanced Materials Research 488 – 489, (2012): 253 – 257. Doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.488-489.253.

Jhatial, A. A., Sohu, S., Bhatti, N. K., Lakhiar, M. T. and Oad, R. “Effect of steel fibres on the compressive and flexural strength of concrete”, International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 10, (2018): 16 – 21. Doi: 10.21833/ijaas.2018.10.003.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Imtiaz Ahmed Memon, Ashfaque Ahmed Jhatial, Samiullah Sohu, Muhammad Tahir Lakhiar, Zahid Hussain Khaskheli

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
x
Message